Guinea Bissau. In April, those involved in the coup against President Kumba Ialá received amnesty in 2003. However, it did not include people who had participated in previous coup attempts. Parliamentary elections were held on March 28. Shortcomings in the organization caused the voting to extend for another two days. There were allegations from several directions that irregularities had occurred, but foreign observers believed the choice was largely correct.
According to CountryAAH, the total population in Guinea-Bissau is 1,968,012 people in 2020. The largest party was the African Independence Party for Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), which received 45 seats. The party was previously in power from independence from 1974 to 1999. The largest was former President Ialá’s party, the Social Renewal Party (PRS), which got 35 seats, followed by the United Social Democratic Party (PUSD), which received 17. The turnout was just over 76%. PAIGC’s leader, businessman Carlos Gomes Júnior, was appointed new prime minister in May. The PRS promised to support the new government in Parliament.
The economy continued to fail and aid was lower than expected. The lack of rice led to rising prices during the summer. The price for a 50-kilo bag of rice corresponded to a monthly salary for a public servant lower official.
In early October, some 600 soldiers revolted, killing Commander General Verissimo Seabra Correia. The insurgents, who had returned from a peacekeeping mission in Liberia, demanded to get their wages and better living conditions. They emphasized that it was not a coup attempt. After the Portuguese mediation, the insurgents were granted amnesty and the government promised to appoint a new defense leadership. Several officers who had been forced to leave the armed forces after the 1999 civil war were now reinstated.