Tanzania. At the beginning of the year, the Zanzibar archipelago began in practice the campaign ahead of the general elections in 2005. For several years, strong political tensions have existed between semi-autonomous Zanzibar and the mainland, and on the islands the suspicion is strong against the dominant mainland party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (Revolutionary Party, CCM).
According to CountryAAH, the total population in Tanzania is 59,734,229 people in 2020. A key issue for the work on establishing new voting lengths was which ones would be considered eligible for voting on Zanzibar. The local strongest party Citizens United Front (CUF) has long accused the CCM of moving mainland residents to the islands to erode CUF’s position. A number of explosive attacks in February and March increased concern over violent confrontations.
In October, Zanzibar’s regional parliament marked the islands’ special status by adopting their own flag, the first since the archipelago joined Tanzania in 1964.
General information about Tanzania
Four-fifths of Tanzania is a large highland in East Africa. The UNESCO-protected Serengeti National Park is a dream come true for every nature lover. The Serengeti’s open grasslands, riverside forests and rock islands, shelters, are familiar from numerous television documentaries. At the end of the year, hundreds of thousands of migratory wildebeest, zebras and savannahs and isogels can be seen on the unobstructed savannah. The open terrain favors the predatory technique of the Gebard and the litters are excellent sightings for large numbers of lions. The lofty giraffe is the national animal of Tanzania and there are also several antelopes moving around the landscape, such as impalas, elandas, cones and water antelopes. Acacia and sausage trees enliven the open terrain. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area has been created in an interesting way, when a volcano collapsed a couple of million years ago and a huge boiler-like area formed inside it. Now, thousands of wildlife live at the bottom of this crater, at best up to 25,000 large mammals, the rarest of which is the endangered shrub rhinoceros. Even the densest predator in the world can be found here. Dense mountain forests grow on the southern and southeastern slopes of the crater. Ngorongoro is the homeland of the Maasai people. Protecting nature is also about protecting indigenous peoples and their livestock. Ngorongoro and Tarangire National Park are part of the eastern branch of a large burial ground starting in Turkey and ending in Mozambique. The beautiful Tarangire, partly covered with swamps and partly with trees and shrubs, is known especially for its elephants, but also for its monkey bread trees, which can reach a height of 3,000 years and contain up to 100,000 liters of water. Tanzania’s “safari capital” is Arusha, located next to Mount Meru. The mountain rainforests of Meru are home to several primates such as olive baboons, green barnacles and black and white guarets. Safari trips in Tanzania include overnight stays in comfortable lodge and well-equipped safari tents.