Tajikistan. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Tajikistan is 9,537,656 people in 2020. the UN’s annual report on illicit drug trafficking in the world showed a sharp increase in heroin trafficking in Central Asia, particularly through Tajikistan. Nearly 6,000 tonnes of heroin had been seized at the Afghanistan-Tajikistan border in 2003, which is believed to be only a small part of the actual amount smuggled through Tajikistan.
In May, the border crossing in the Pamir Mountains between Tajikistan and China was officially opened. The border, which is more than 4,000 meters in height, was closed for most of the 20th century when Tajikistan belonged to the Soviet Union. Chinese trade in Tajikistan and other parts of Central Asia is now expected to increase significantly.
In October, Russian President Vladimir Putin came to Tajikistan for a summit with leaders in Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The visit symbolized Moscow’s return to the region. a newly opened Russian military base in the capital Dushanbe.
In January 2005, authorities characterized it as an act of terror when a car burst into the air near a government building in the capital Dushanbe. The assault cost 1 person’s life. On the same day, a fire broke out in the Ministry of Security, but this was attributed to an electrical fault. In June, the Russian border forces finally withdrew, leaving the guarding of the border to Tajik soldiers.
In May 2006, a heavily armed group killed three border guards as it crossed the border from Tajikistan into Kyrgyzstan. The Batken region where the two countries collide with Uzbekistan has been marked by great instability since the dissolution of the Soviet Union and has provided shelter to several fundamentalist groups. President Rakhmonov was officially re-elected in November 2006 with 79.3% of the vote.
President Rakhmonov took in March 2007 changed its name, dropping the Russian suffix ov and became Rahmon.
In April 2007, the government signed an agreement with a Russian company to exploit the country’s hydropower potential. Acc. studies, the country’s rivers can generate over 500,000 MW. The joint project costs DKK 1 billion. US $. The country’s largest consumer of electricity since it opened in 1975 is the aluminum plant TALCO, the largest aluminum plant in Central Asia. It accounts for 40% of the country’s electricity consumption but at the same time accounts for 55% of exports.
In October, Qatar announced that it would finance the construction of one of the world’s largest mosques in Dushanbe. It is expected to be completed in 2014.
Tajikistan was hit hard by the global financial crisis that started in 2008. The country was already poor and in August 2009, around 60% of the country’s population lived below the poverty line.
During a session of the Islamic State Conference in Dushanbe in 2010, President Rahmon declared: “Terrorism and terrorists have no nation, no state, no religion… The use of the term ‘Islamic terrorism’ helps to discredit Islam and damages the pure and peaceful Islamic religion ». The country has its own problems. In August, 25 militant Tajik Islamists escaped from a prison. The following month, 28 soldiers were killed in an ambush in the Rasht Valley in the eastern part of the country. In October, 30 soldiers were killed in the valley, followed by fighting outside Gharm, which killed 3 partisans. The government subsequently stated that it had full control over the situation in the country’s eastern part and that the military operations were completed in November.
The February 2010 parliamentary elections were marked by major irregularities and scams. OSCE observers subsequently stated that the election had failed to meet the organization’s basic rules. The ruling party formally lost 4 seats in parliament, but still sat solid with 52 out of 63 seats.
In March 2012, the government declared its readiness to implement the recommendations of the UN Human Rights Council – including inmates access to legal and medical assistance. In April, the government passed a new law criminalizing the use of torture. In June, the Supreme Court issued guidelines to the country’s judges in cases of torture or mistreatment, and the prosecutor’s office issued guidelines to the country’s prosecutors on the investigation of torture cases. However, after a visit to the country in May, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture announced that torture continued to be widespread. Members of banned Islamic parties or groups are at high risk of being arrested by the Interior Ministry or members of the State Security Committee.
On July 12, intelligence chief of Gorno-Badakhshan province, Major General Abdullo Nazarov was stabbed and killed in Ishkashim. The government immediately placed the responsibility on a local warlord, Tolib Ayombekov. The following day, Internet and telephone connections to Gorno-Badakhshan’s capital Khorog were disconnected and 800 soldiers were sent to Khorog, where in the following days violent fighting ensued. President Rakhmon interrupted the offensive and announced that rebel leaders had agreed to “concede.” At the same time, he urged all the armed groups in the Gorno-Badakhshans to be disarmed. Reuters subsequently stated that Defense Minister Khairulloyev had traveled to the area and had promised rebel leaders amnesty if they were allowed to disarm. The fighting had then cost between 40 and 100 lives.