Czech Republic 2004

Czech Republic People

Yearbook 2004

Czech Republic. The total population in Czech Republic is 10,708,992 people in 2020. The Czech Republic, already admitted as a NATO member, achieved its second major foreign policy goal when it joined the EU on May 1. But opinion polls showed that the population was very skeptical of the EU in the long run. A majority even voiced fears for the Union, apparently because of uncertainty about how it works. As a result, the EU-skeptical Democratic National Party (ODS) emerged as a favorite for the Czech Republic’s first election to the European Parliament in June. The ODS, which in the election campaign promised to defend the Czech Republic’s “national interests” in the EU, took nine of the Czech Republic’s 24 seats. The ruling Social Democratic Party, on the other hand, made a disaster choice and had to settle for two terms.

Land area 78,867 km²
Total population 10,702,498
Residents per km² 135.7
Capital Prague
Official language Czech
Income per capita $ 35,500
Currency Czech crown
ISO 3166 code CZ
Internet TLD .cz
License plate CZ
Telephone code +420
Time zone UTC UTC + 1, daylight saving time UTC + 2
Geographic coordinates 49 45 N, 15 30 O

As a result of the failure, Prime Minister Vladimír Špidla left his post after he had passed a vote of no confidence in Parliament. The tripartite coalition had an extremely fragile majority with only one mandate being overweight. Špidla also chose to leave the party leader post for the Social Democrats, where he was for a time subjected to harsh internal criticism because of the party’s poor opinion figures. President Václav Klaus appointed Špidla’s foremost opponent in social democracy, Interior Minister Stanislav Gross, as new government leader. The 34-year-old Gross, who also succeeded Špidla as party leader, thus became Europe’s youngest prime minister. His government was based on the same narrow majority and the same three parties as before: the Social Democratic Party, the Christian Democratic Union and the Freedom Union-Democratic Union. Gross managed the vote of confidence that followed the formation of the government by summoning two long-term sick members, one of them arriving in a wheelchair. In connection with the vote, accusations were made that the opposition was trying to bribe one of the members of the government with large sums to vote against Gross. President Klaus, who previously led the opposition party ODS, entered the debate on the side of the accused. The case was handed over to the police for investigation.

In the fall, the controversial president ended up in conflict with the country’s police chief Jiří Kolář after reports that in connection with a fraud investigation, the police intercepted the phone of a close friend of the president. This meant that even conversations with the president were eavesdropped. The police chief was quoted as saying that people who have a clear conscience do not have to worry about whether the police are listening to their calls. President Klaus then called for the chief of police to resign, but the government declared that Kolář would stay at his post.

Czech Republic People

Central European state. The population was equal to 1,292,933 residents according to 2001 census data, and 10,220,000 according to 2005 estimates. In the early 2000s, the demographic trend therefore continued to reflect the trend of the previous decade, with a decline due to the fact that the birth rate (9 ‰ in 2005) was constantly lower than the death rate (10.5 ‰), this phenomenon is only partially offset by the modest positive balance of the migratory movement (1 ‰). Most of the population is made up of Czechs (90.1 % according to the 2001 census); significant minorities continue to be the Moravians (3.6 %) and the Slovaks (1.8 %), while the rest of the population is made up of Poles, Germans, Silesians and other minor communities, reaching a total of 4.5 %. The most important cities are: Prague (1,165,600 residents According to 2004 estimates), Brno (369,500 residents) Ostrava (313,000 residents) And Plzeň (164,200 residents). See for Czech Republic sights, UNESCO, climate, and geography.

The main objective of the country’s economic policy in the early 2000s was harmonization with the legislation and standards of the European Union, also in anticipation of the future full integration, in a medium-term perspective, into the monetary structure of the euro. . The measures adopted so far to control public spending are moving in this direction, including fiscal reform and that of the health sector; the innovations introduced into the labor market and those aimed at facilitating the development of small and medium-sized enterprises were also significant. Thanks also to this, the country has experienced significant economic expansion, with GDP growing significantly (+ 3.3 % in 2001, + 3.7 % in 2004). Inflation appears to be under control (+ 4.7 % in 2001, + 3.2 % in 2004), while the unemployment rate remains relatively high, with a tendency to increase (8.9 % in 2001, 10.2 % in 2004); however, household consumption increased, thanks to the sharp rise in real wages (+ 8 % in 2004) and the development of credit. Among the various productive sectors, industry, which has always been a driving force for the Czech economy (+ 6.6 % per year on average in the period 1999-2003, and + 9.9 % in 2004, the highest growth rate of the previous five years), has undergone a phase of restructuring and further privatization. In 2004, in fact, the sale of the majority stake in Unipetrol, still in the hands of the State, to a Polish company took place, and the path towards the privatization of residual public companies was resumed, to which the fate of the industry is also connected. coal mining. The most dynamic sectors were the steel industry (+ 23 % in 2004), electrical and optical equipment (+ 15.3 %), means of transport (+ 14.3 %), construction (+ 9.7%, the highest growth rate of the previous eleven years). Among the most stagnant are those of extraction (- 0.9 %) and thermo-energy (+ 0.9 %).