According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the area code of the Czech Republic is +420, which was adopted in 1993 when the country switched to the ITU-T E.164 numbering system. The code is divided into two parts: ‘+’ and ‘420’. The ‘+’ indicates that the number is international and the ‘420’ identifies the country as Czech Republic. In Czech Republic, telephone numbers are usually nine digits long and are divided into five parts: a two-digit area code, a three-digit exchange code, a three-digit line number and an optional one-digit service code. Area codes indicate the geographic region of the phone number and are used to route incoming calls to their respective locations. Exchange codes identify specific local calling areas within each geographic region, while line numbers identify individual subscribers within each local calling area. Service codes are used to access special services such as voicemail or mobile networks. Czech Republic has seen advances in telecommunication services over recent years, with mobile phone penetration rates increasing rapidly across both rural and urban areas of the country. This has been driven by increased investment in infrastructure improvements as well as technological advancements such as 4G networks being rolled out in major cities across Czech Republic. As such, it is important for businesses operating within Czech Republic to ensure they are using the correct area codes when making calls within the country as well as when communicating with other countries around the world. The Czech Republic is a parliamentary representative democratic republic, with the President as the head of state and the Prime Minister as the head of government. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, and can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. The unicameral Parliament, called the Chamber of Deputies, is composed of 200 members who are elected for four-year terms. The government’s executive power rests with the Cabinet of Ministers, which is headed by the Prime Minister. The Constitution also grants individual rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of assembly to its citizens. Legislative power rests in both chambers of Parliament, which jointly make up the legislative branch. The judiciary is independent from both executive and legislative branches. The Czech Republic also has an independent Constitutional Court that rules on constitutional matters. PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of Czech Republic.