Trinidad and Tobago. According to
CountryAAH, the total population in Trinidad and Tobago is 1,399,499 people in 2020.
The oil-producing Trinidad and
Tobago enjoyed an economic upturn during the year thanks to
record high oil prices on the world market. The government
was able to enforce improvements for the elderly, the
disabled and the low-paid. The minimum wage was raised
significantly and unemployment fell to the lowest level
In March 1998, new tensions arose in relation to the Islamic
group Jamaat-al-Muslimeen, which in 1990 had conducted a
coup attempt. The government reiterated its decision to
reinstate a property occupied by the Islamists. The Islamic
group claimed that the property belonged to it, while the
government claimed that the group had obtained the goods
In 1998, the oil company Amoco Trinidad found significant
oil deposits on the seabed. The government signed agreements
with several companies on the extraction, and in July
another North American company released information that it
had encountered the largest gas deposit to date in a marine
area south of Trinidad.
In May, British legal authorities prevented 9 people who
had been convicted of murder in 1996 from being hanged. An
interference that created considerable discontent in
Trinidad. Despite the country becoming independent in 1976,
the UK's Privy Council is still the supreme judicial body.
According to opinion polls, 80% of people support the death
penalty in cases of murder or drug-related crime.
The visit of British Prince Charles in February 2000 gave
rise to solder relations between the old colony and Britain.
Charles was welcomed with music in the streets and it did
not cause any disturbance.
The December 2001 parliamentary elections provided 18
seats for both UNC and PNM. Party leaders Panday and Manning
agreed that President Robinson should decide who should be
appointed prime minister. The president pointed to Manning,
but Panday then requested that new elections be conducted
within 6 months. However, he confirmed at the same time that
the government should continue, even if parliamentary votes
Manning called on parliament to elect a spokesman to
break the stalemate that had paralyzed the parliamentary
system for nearly 4 months. But in April 2002, UNC or PNM
had not yet managed to agree on a candidate. Panday then
called for a new election because of a lack of parliamentary
basis. Manning, however, insisted that it was sufficient to
open parliament to fulfill the constitutional obligations.