Trinidad and Tobago. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Trinidad and Tobago is 1,399,499 people in 2020. The oil-producing Trinidad and Tobago enjoyed an economic upturn during the year thanks to record high oil prices on the world market. The government was able to enforce improvements for the elderly, the disabled and the low-paid. The minimum wage was raised significantly and unemployment fell to the lowest level since 1958.
In March 1998, new tensions arose in relation to the Islamic group Jamaat-al-Muslimeen, which in 1990 had conducted a coup attempt. The government reiterated its decision to reinstate a property occupied by the Islamists. The Islamic group claimed that the property belonged to it, while the government claimed that the group had obtained the goods illegally.
In 1998, the oil company Amoco Trinidad found significant oil deposits on the seabed. The government signed agreements with several companies on the extraction, and in July another North American company released information that it had encountered the largest gas deposit to date in a marine area south of Trinidad.
In May, British legal authorities prevented 9 people who had been convicted of murder in 1996 from being hanged. An interference that created considerable discontent in Trinidad. Despite the country becoming independent in 1976, the UK’s Privy Council is still the supreme judicial body. According to opinion polls, 80% of people support the death penalty in cases of murder or drug-related crime.
The visit of British Prince Charles in February 2000 gave rise to solder relations between the old colony and Britain. Charles was welcomed with music in the streets and it did not cause any disturbance.
The December 2001 parliamentary elections provided 18 seats for both UNC and PNM. Party leaders Panday and Manning agreed that President Robinson should decide who should be appointed prime minister. The president pointed to Manning, but Panday then requested that new elections be conducted within 6 months. However, he confirmed at the same time that the government should continue, even if parliamentary votes fell unresolved.
Manning called on parliament to elect a spokesman to break the stalemate that had paralyzed the parliamentary system for nearly 4 months. But in April 2002, UNC or PNM had not yet managed to agree on a candidate. Panday then called for a new election because of a lack of parliamentary basis. Manning, however, insisted that it was sufficient to open parliament to fulfill the constitutional obligations.