Suriname. In February, at the request of Guyana, the border dispute with Suriname on an oil-rich area in the sea outside the two countries’ land borders was referred to the United Nations Naval Court, after the Caribbean cooperation organization CARICOM failed to present a solution. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Suriname is 586,643 people in 2020. Despite the border conflict, the two countries nevertheless gradually opened the year for talks on cooperation in a number of areas.
In January 2004, as a means of strengthening the country’s economy, the Dutch guilder was abolished as its currency. It was replaced by suriname dollars.
No candidate got 2/3 of the vote in parliament in the first round of the presidential election in July 2005. The result was repeated in the second round of elections, with Ronald Venetiaan receiving 27 votes against Rabin Parmessar’s 20. In the end, the General Assembly, consisting of 891 parliamentarians and local politicians from municipalities and districts to re-elect Venetiaan as president by 560 out of 879 votes. At the same time, Ram Sardjoe was elected Vice President. The parliamentary elections were won by the New Front for Democracy and Development with 41.2% of the vote.
In May 2006, the country was hit by heavy rainstorms, triggering extensive flooding. Over 30,000 km2 were submerged, and 175 villages were almost “erased by the map” after being covered by up to 2 m of mud. 25,000 lost everything they had. The government characterized it as a “disaster situation” and called for immediate assistance from international organizations.
The 2006 IWGIA Annual Report criticized a mining law discussed in parliament for being racially discriminatory. If the law was passed, it would cause more Native American communities in the northern part of the country to be displaced to make way for new mines. At the same time, IWGIA pointed out that residents in the outskirts of the new mines would be exposed to mercury contamination that could cause birth defects and poisoning.
In October, several more homeless people sleeping on the streets were murdered in the capital. Two of them had been fired as early as February and the other two had been ignited with gasoline in May. The last victim was killed with an ax. Police suspected it was a serial killer. The number of homeless people in the capital has risen in recent years. Most of them with mental health problems.