Burundi. At a donor conference in January, the outside
world pledged US $ 1.32 billion for the reconstruction of
Burundi and the restoration of state finances. The World
Bank gave $ 33 million to help militiamen return to civilian
CountryAAH, the total population in Burundi is 11,890,795 people in 2020.
The African peacekeeping force sent to Burundi in 2003
was converted from 1 June into a UN force, mandated to have
a maximum of 5,650 soldiers and 120 civilian police.
However, battles continued occasionally between the army and
the last remaining militia, the National Liberation Forces
The violence culminated in August with a raid on a Tutsi
refugee camp from Congo-Kinshasa. The FNL is said to have
carried out the attack, in which about 160 people were
killed, but according to witnesses, militia forces from
Congo-Kinshasa and Rwanda also participated in the assault,
which led to increased tension throughout the region.
Following the mediation of a number of African heads of
state, in August, an agreement on continued division of
power was signed, giving Hutus and Tutsis equal numbers of
seats in the Senate and Hutu 60% of seats in the government
and the National Assembly. However, a number of Tutsi
parties, including the dominant UPRONA, were opposed to the
agreement because they believed that the Tutsis - which
constitute about 14% of the population - were forced into
excessive concessions. Parliament nevertheless ratified the
new constitution pending a referendum, but the general
elections that were held during the autumn were postponed,
preliminary to April 2005.
In early December, the demobilization of both army and
militia soldiers began. Of a total of about 80,000 men under
arms, in the long term there will be an ethnically balanced
army of 30,000 men and 20,000 police officers. The cuts will
reduce the defense budget by almost two-thirds by 2007.