Burundi. At a donor conference in January, the outside world pledged US $ 1.32 billion for the reconstruction of Burundi and the restoration of state finances. The World Bank gave $ 33 million to help militiamen return to civilian life.
According to CountryAAH, the total population in Burundi is 11,890,795 people in 2020. The African peacekeeping force sent to Burundi in 2003 was converted from 1 June into a UN force, mandated to have a maximum of 5,650 soldiers and 120 civilian police. However, battles continued occasionally between the army and the last remaining militia, the National Liberation Forces (FNL).
The violence culminated in August with a raid on a Tutsi refugee camp from Congo-Kinshasa. The FNL is said to have carried out the attack, in which about 160 people were killed, but according to witnesses, militia forces from Congo-Kinshasa and Rwanda also participated in the assault, which led to increased tension throughout the region.
Following the mediation of a number of African heads of state, in August, an agreement on continued division of power was signed, giving Hutus and Tutsis equal numbers of seats in the Senate and Hutu 60% of seats in the government and the National Assembly. However, a number of Tutsi parties, including the dominant UPRONA, were opposed to the agreement because they believed that the Tutsis – which constitute about 14% of the population – were forced into excessive concessions. Parliament nevertheless ratified the new constitution pending a referendum, but the general elections that were held during the autumn were postponed, preliminary to April 2005.
In early December, the demobilization of both army and militia soldiers began. Of a total of about 80,000 men under arms, in the long term there will be an ethnically balanced army of 30,000 men and 20,000 police officers. The cuts will reduce the defense budget by almost two-thirds by 2007.