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Yearbook 2004

Flag - AustriaAustria. In March, the Austrians elected Heinz Fischer as the new president, the first Social Democrat on the post since 1986. He received just over 52% of the vote and thereby defeated the candidate of the bourgeois, Foreign Minister Benita Ferrero-Waldner. She took office in the fall instead as the new EU Foreign Secretary and was replaced at the ministerial post by Ursula Plassnik, also she from the Conservative People's Party ÖVP (Österreichische Volkspartei). According to CountryAAH, the total population in Austria is 9,006,409 people in 2020. The election result was interpreted as a dissatisfaction with the right-wing government, not least for a change in the pension system that the government pushed through the year before. Outgoing President Thomas Klestil died in a heart attack in July, just two days before Fischer took office. Klestil was 71 years old and had been President of Austria for twelve years.

2004 Austria

In the elections to the European Parliament in June, the Freedom Party FPÖ (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs) lost further electoral support and received only a mandate against previous sex. The right-wing populist party, which has backed in several state elections since the 2002 parliamentary elections, on the other hand, won the regional elections in Carinthia in March. The disputed Jörg Haider, FPÖ's strong man, could thus continue as governor. Haider's sister Ursula Haubner was appointed in June as FPÖ's party leader.

A sex scandal shook the Catholic Church in Austria during the summer, since the weekly magazine Profil published intimate pictures of priests and their students at a priest's seminar. Several people resigned, including the bishop of St. Poelten, Kurt Krenn. He made himself impossible by trivializing the images and calling them "boy strokes". The seminary was closed.

A Salzburg court in February released all 16 accused of the Kaprun roller coaster accident in November 2000. Relatives were deeply dismayed that no one could be held responsible for the fire, which occurred in a tunnel and claimed 155 lives.

Prehistory of Austria

The oldest finds from prehistoric times in Austria are cave finds of the Moustérien character. Somewhat younger are the settlements from the Aurignacien period. These are concentrated to the loose areas. Younger Stone Age (Neolithic Age) is defined by the introduction of agriculture. From then on, Austria's role as a transit country is clearly evident in the archaeological material. Band ceramic groups that came from the Southeast represent the first peasant cultures. The oldest known copper objects appear in the somewhat younger hopper culture. Austria has rich metal deposits, and the copper deposits in the Salzburg-Tyrolean Alps became important all in the early metal age. Numerous findings from the Bronze Age testify that Austria was part of a large Central European cultural circle. However, this culture does not have a completely unified character, and many different cultural groups can be traced.

The Hallstatt site near Salzburg is one of the most important Late Bronze Age and early Iron Age. Due to the findings from the burial ground (about 3000 graves), Hallstatt has come to play a central role in European chronology. Hallstatt A and B thus represent the late Bronze Age while the Iron Age in Central Europe begins with Hallstatt C. The wealth of which the tombs of Hallstatt testify, stems from export and trade in salt. During this period, people lived in fortified villages. Society has been stratified, and the ruling class has often received princely burials. It has been a lively contact with the Mediterranean. About. 500 BC the so-called Hallstatt culture is replaced by the La Tène culture. This is linked to the immigration of Celtic tribes.

Ancient and Middle Ages

The Romans subjugated the land south of the Danube 16–15 BC and created military colonies, including Vindobona (Vienna). Provinces that covered or affected Austrian territory were Raetia, Noricum and Pannonia.

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