According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the area code for Austria is 43. It is located in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), and is one of the countries in the NANP system that makes international calls to and from other countries. The 43 code is used to make calls within Austria, as well as making international calls to and from other countries in the NANP system. The country has a number of landline operators such as A1, Orange, T-Mobile, UPC Austria, and Magenta Telekom, all of which offer competitive rates for local, regional, and international calls. In addition to landlines, there are several mobile networks in Austria such as A1 (GSM/UMTS/LTE), Orange (GSM/UMTS/LTE), T-Mobile (GSM/UMTS/LTE), UPC Mobile (GSM) and Magenta Telekom (GSM). Customers can purchase prepaid sim cards from any of these providers in order to make calls to local numbers or international numbers within the NANP system. All of these networks offer competitive rates for both local and international calls. For those who need to make international calls from Austria outside of the NANP system, there are several third-party service providers that offer competitive rates on making such calls. These include International Call Cards (ICC), which allow customers to purchase calling minutes at a discounted rate; World Phone Card International Calling Services; VoIP services such as Skype; prepaid calling cards; or through VoIP apps like Viber or Whatsapp. Austria is a federal parliamentary republic governed by a multi-party system. The two major political parties are the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) and the Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP). Both parties are centrist in nature and have been in a grand coalition government since 2007. Other significant parties include The Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), The New Austria and Liberal Forum (NEOS), and The Greens. All major parties generally agree on foreign policy, maintaining strong ties with the European Union, NATO, and other nations. Domestically, they focus on economic development, environmental protection, education reform, healthcare reform, and other social issues. Austria has a long history of stable political systems that ensure freedom of speech and civil rights for its citizens. PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of Austria.