Vatican City is an independent city-state located within Rome, Italy. It is the smallest sovereign state in the world and it is home to the pope and the Roman Catholic Church. The area code for Vatican City is 39, which is used for both local and international calls made within or to Vatican City. When making a call within Vatican City, you must dial 39 + 0 + the number you are calling. For international calls made from Vatican City, you must dial 00 + 39 + the number you are calling. The area code of Vatican City has been in use since 1996 when it was assigned by Telecom Italia, a telecommunications company based in Rome. This area code helps to distinguish calls made from or to Vatican City from those made elsewhere in Italy or abroad. It is important that anyone who needs to make a call from or to Vatican City knows how to use its area code properly in order to ensure successful communication with their desired destination every time. Additionally, it also serves as a source of revenue for the country as all telephone companies that provide services within its borders are required by law to pay taxes on their profits to the government of Vatican City. In addition to its importance for communication purposes, the area code of Vatican City also serves as an important symbol of unity and identity for its citizens as it serves as a reminder that they belong not only to Italy but also have their own distinct culture and identity separate from other parts of Italy or Europe at large. As such, knowing how to use this area code correctly can be seen as an expression of pride in being part of this unique community. Vatican City is an independent city-state located in the heart of Rome, Italy. It is the smallest sovereign state in the world, measuring just 0.17 square miles. The state is governed by a unique form of government known as an absolute elective monarchy—the only one of its kind in the world. The Vatican’s highest political authority is held by the Pope, who serves as both head of state and head of government. He is elected for life and enjoys full executive powers, including appointing government officials and enacting legislation. The Pope also holds judicial power, although he delegates this responsibility to other officials within Vatican City. In addition to the Pope, there are two other major governing bodies—the College of Cardinals, who advise him on matters of faith and governance; and the Roman Curia, which helps the Pope manage day-to-day operations within Vatican City. All citizens are subject to Vatican laws and regulations. The official language used in all official documents is Latin. PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of Vatican City.