According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the Philippines is divided into 17 regions, each of which has its own distinct area code. The area codes range from 1 to 17 and cover all of the country’s regions. For example, Metro Manila is assigned the area code 1 and Davao del Sur is assigned the area code 2. The Philippine government is responsible for assigning and maintaining all area codes for the country. All landline numbers in the Philippines are 8 digits long, with the first two digits representing the region’s respective area code. Mobile phone numbers in the Philippines are 11 digits long, with the first four digits representing the service provider’s respective network code. In addition to assigning landline and mobile phone numbers, Philippine government also assigns special three-digit codes for various services such as emergency services, public utilities, government agencies, etc. For example, 911 is reserved for emergency services while 811 is reserved for public utilities such as electricity and water supply companies. Similarly, 901 is used by government agencies while 801 is used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These special codes can be used nationwide regardless of a person’s location or region within Philippines. The Philippines is a unitary presidential constitutional republic and has a democratic government structure. The president is both the head of state and head of government, and serves as the commander-in-chief of the country’s armed forces. The president is elected by popular vote to a single six-year term, during which time he or she appoints and presides over the cabinet. The bicameral Congress consists of the Senate, which has 24 members elected to six-year terms, and the House of Representatives, which has 292 members elected to three-year terms. The judicial branch is comprised of a Supreme Court with 15 justices that are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council. Local government in each province also operates at an autonomous level with its own provincial governor and legislature. There is also an office for Ombudsman that hears cases involving corruption in government offices. In general, Philippine politics are characterized by an active civil society, strong executive power, frequent elections, high levels of public participation in elections, low levels of political violence or instability, and relatively low levels of corruption compared to other countries in Southeast Asia. PARADISDACHAT: Features public policy of Philippines.