According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Nicaragua is divided into 15 departments, each of which has its own distinct area code. The area codes range from 2 to 8 and cover all of the country’s departments. For example, Managua is assigned the area code 2 and León is assigned the area code 4. The Nicaraguan government is responsible for assigning and maintaining all area codes for the country. All landline numbers in Nicaragua are 8 digits long, with the first two digits representing the department’s respective area code. Mobile phone numbers in Nicaragua are 9 digits long, with the first three digits representing the service provider’s respective network code. In addition to assigning landline and mobile phone numbers, Nicaraguan government also assigns special three-digit codes for various services such as emergency services, public utilities, government agencies, etc. For example, 118 is reserved for emergency services while 800 is reserved for public utilities such as electricity and water supply companies. Similarly, 900 is used by government agencies while 800 is used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These special codes can be used nationwide regardless of a person’s location or department within Nicaragua. Nicaragua is a democratic republic governed by a president and a unicameral legislature. The current president, Daniel Ortega, has been in office since 2007. He is the leader of the Sandinista National Liberation Front, which has held power since 2007. The party promotes social justice, economic equality and progressive policies. Nicaragua’s politics are highly polarized between the left-leaning Sandinistas and the right-wing opposition parties. The country is one of the poorest in Latin America, but has made strides in poverty reduction through targeted social programs and income redistribution. Nicaragua also has strong ties to Cuba and Venezuela and is part of the leftist ALBA alliance. Despite its political divisions, Nicaragua remains committed to democracy and strives for an open society where civil liberties are respected. It also works closely with international organizations to ensure that human rights are protected and upheld. PROEXCHANGERATES: Features public policy of Nicaragua.