According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the Maldives is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of India and Sri Lanka. The area code for the Maldives is +960. It is known for its tropical climate and stunning beaches, making it a popular tourist destination. The total land area of the Maldives is 298 square kilometers, with a population of over 540,000 people. The Maldives consists of 1,192 islands divided into 26 atolls, all of which are spread across an archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The highest point in the country is 2.4 meters above sea level and much of the land is low-lying and flat with white sandy beaches and crystal blue waters. The climate in the Maldives is tropical with two distinct seasons – a dry season from November to April and a wet season from May to October when heavy rains prevail. The official language spoken in the Maldives is Dhivehi, which belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family. English is also widely spoken among locals as well as tourists due to its widespread use in business and administration circles. Other languages spoken include Arabic, Hindi and Tamil but these are mainly used by expatriates living on some of the islands or working on resorts or other businesses catering to tourists. The economy of the Maldives relies heavily on tourism as it accounts for more than 28% of GDP and employs more than 40% of its workforce directly or indirectly through related services such as hospitality management or transport services. In recent years there has been a growth in investment opportunities including real estate development projects and IT hubs that have created additional job opportunities for youth in these sectors. The government structure of the Maldivian Republic follows a presidential system where executive power lies with an elected president who serves five-year terms while legislative power rests with Majlis (parliament). This system was adopted after a referendum was held in 2008 that resulted in constitutional reform which replaced an authoritarian regime with democracy as well as increased freedom for citizens including freedom of speech and assembly rights. The Republic of Maldives is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. The executive branch consists of the President, Vice President and the Cabinet of Ministers. The President is directly elected by the people and holds executive power. The legislative branch consists of the unicameral People’s Majlis, which has 85 members elected by universal suffrage. The judiciary is independent from both the executive and legislative branches. Maldives has a long history of political parties, with the first party formed in 1952. Since then, there have been several parties that have come to power, with most recent being Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP). MDP rose to power in 2008 and has held onto its majority since then. They advocate for democracy and human rights in the country, as well as economic development and social reforms. The current president is Ibrahim Mohamed Solih from MDP who won a landslide victory in 2018 elections against Abdulla Yameen from Progressive Party of Maldives (PPM). PPM had been ruling Maldives since 2013 but was accused of numerous human rights abuses during its reign. PARADISDACHAT: Features public policy of Maldives.
Yearbook 2004 Maldives. After unprecedented political protests at the end of 2003, the situation remained troubled throughout 2004. A newly formed illegal opposition party, the […]