According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Ecuador is divided into three area codes. The first, 593, covers most of the country including the capital city of Quito and its surrounding areas. This area code is home to over 14 million people and it is the most populous area code in Ecuador. The second area code is 594, which covers the remaining parts of Ecuador as well as some small islands off its coast such as Galapagos and Isla de la Plata. The third area code is 595, which covers parts of Peru, Colombia and Panama near Ecuador’s borders. Area code 593 encompasses much of Ecuador’s urban areas such as Guayaquil and Cuenca, located near the Pacific coast. This area code also includes parts of Loja and Pichincha, two cities located in the southern region of Ecuador near Peru’s border. Area code 594 contains more rural areas such as Tena and Macas, located in the eastern region of Ecuador near Colombia’s border. It also includes some small islands off its coast such as Galapagos and Isla de la Plata which are home to a few thousand people combined. All three area codes have their own unique characteristics that differentiate them from each other. For example, 593 has a higher population density due to its proximity to major cities in Ecuador while 594 has a more rural feel due to its location in more remote parts of Ecuador such as Tena or Macas. Additionally, 595 also includes some small islands off Ecuador’s coast which provide a unique contrast to the mainland with their rugged terrain and sparsely populated landscapes that overlook the ocean waters below them. Ecuador is a unitary presidential republic with a multi-party system. The President of Ecuador is both the head of state and government, and exercises executive power. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly, an unicameral congress composed of 137 members elected for four-year terms. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The current president is Lenin Moreno who has been in office since 2017. Moreno was preceded by Rafael Correa who held office from 2007 to 2017 and was known for his left-wing policies. Ecuador has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The two largest parties are the left-wing PAIS Alliance and the right-wing Social Christian Party. Other notable political parties include Pachakutik Movement, CREO Movement, and Socialist Party of Ecuador. PROEXCHANGERATES: Features public policy of Ecuador.