Finland. At the beginning of the year, a debate was held
on Finland's role in the Second World War. Historians
proposed a commission of inquiry to clarify how things went
for thousands of civilians and prisoners of war who were
extradited from Finland to Nazi Germany and the Soviet
Land grief was announced in March, after 23 young people
were killed in a nightly bus accident in central Finland.
The youngsters were on their way to a ski holiday when the
bus collided with a truck, whose seven tonnes of heavy paper
rolls were thrown into the bus and over its passengers.
In March, alcohol taxes were reduced by an average of 33%
in an attempt to halt Finns' purchases in the low-price
country of Estonia after its EU entry on May 1. But after a
few months, political demands came for the tax to be raised
again. Although the tax reduction had reduced the import of
alcohol from Estonia, at the same time increased alcohol
consumption, increased drunkenness, more drunk driving and
more reported rapes and sexual abuse of children.
CountryAAH, the total population in Finland is 5,540,731 people in 2020. Former Prime Minister and Center Leader Anneli
Jäätteenmäki was acquitted in court in March of charges of
incitement and assisting in breach of professional secrecy.
Jäätteenmäki, as opposition leader in 2003, would have
persuaded the president's adviser to release secretly
stamped material. The information was used by Jäätteenmäki
in the election movement before the parliamentary elections,
which led to the center leader becoming prime minister. When
the scandal was discovered, Jäätteenmäki was forced to
In April, the government decided to abolish the
requirement for examinations in Swedish in the
Finnish-language schools' graduation from the autumn term.
At the same time, tests were also conducted in Finnish on a
voluntary basis for Swedish-speaking students.
Finnish-Swedish politicians were worried about the decision,
which they saw as a step towards abolishing Finland's
In June, 32-year-old Jyrki Katainen was elected new
leader of the bourgeois Socialist Party. Katainen explained
that he had a lot in common with the Swedish Moderator's
chairman Fredrik Reinfeldt.
The election to the European Parliament in June became a
revenge for Anneli Jäätteenmäki, who was forced to resign as
prime minister and party leader the year before. She became
the election's biggest voting magnet and took one of
Finland's 14 seats in the European Parliament.
In September, the government approved new guidelines for
security and defense policy. Finland thus accepts the
international agreement on the ban on personal mines, but
the ban will only take effect in 2012 and the mines will be
destroyed by 2016. Finland continues to develop its defense
as an unalloyed country, but the possibility of joining NATO
remains. Cuts are expected within the defense.
In the municipal elections in October, the Social
Democrats, the Socialist Party and the Swedish People's
Party advanced in the country as a whole, while the Center
Party, the Left Union and the Green League went backwards.
Finnish flagship business Nokia lost market shares during
the year and the price fell on the stock exchange. Although
the company was not in crisis, it could not contribute to
Finland's economic growth in the same way as before. The
government budget for 2005 included a reduction in corporate
tax from 29 to 26%. The unemployment rate for the year was
calculated at 8.8%.
It was thanks to Kekkonen's personal efforts that the
eastward relations stabilized and that the agricultural
party government got Finland into EFTA in 1961 as an
associate member. This development culminated with the
signing of a cooperation agreement with the EC in 1973. The
agreement was first ratified in 1974 at the same time as a
cooperation agreement with COMECON. At the same time,
negotiations were also started to increase the exchange of
goods with the small socialist countries, and laws were
passed to seek to neutralize the harmful effects of
cooperation with the West. All this was a sign that the
domestic political situation in Finland has changed
Participation in Western European cooperation accelerated
the development of new industrial branches. In the 1950's,
wood processing products' share of exports was still approx.
75%. Two decades later, it had fallen to approx. 45%. The
share of the metal industry grew from approx. 10 to approx.
40% and the "other" industry increased to approx. 20%. The
scientific-technical development also increased the
specialization and thus the interdependencies within the
industry. expressed by the old export monopolies becoming
groups spanning several industries.
An industrialized and specialized production was also
needed in agriculture. The changes in industry and
agriculture were closely linked to a strong migration within
the country, and with strong economic growth concentrated in
southern Finland. New housing, transport, planning, day
care, etc. problems were created, while the position of the
outskirts was deteriorating. The changes that have taken
place in society are reflected by figures: In 1950, the
primary occupations employed 36% of the population, while
the corresponding figure in 1975 had fallen to 15%. For the
industry, the figures were 28% and 35%, for the service and
other tertiary industries 25% and 50%.