According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Western Sahara is a disputed territory in North Africa bordered by Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The politics of Western Sahara are complex and often contentious. The region is currently divided between Morocco, which controls most of it, and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), which controls a small part of it. Both countries claim sovereignty over all of Western Sahara, although Morocco holds de facto control over most of it. The SADR is recognized as an independent state by more than 50 countries around the world, including several members of the African Union (AU). However, its sovereignty has not been accepted by most countries or international organizations. In 1991, a ceasefire was declared between Morocco and SADR forces after 16 years of fighting for control over Western Sahara. This ceasefire has held ever since but there have been occasional flare-ups between Moroccan security forces and Sahrawi activists in recent years. Despite this tense situation, both sides have expressed their willingness to reach a peaceful solution to their differences through negotiations.