According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the area code of Turkey is +90. It is a Eurasian country located between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea with an estimated population of 83 million people. The official language is Turkish, however Kurdish and Arabic are also spoken throughout the country. Turkey has a temperate climate characterized by hot summers and cold winters with temperatures ranging from -5 to 35 degrees Celsius. The rainy season usually occurs between October and April while the dry season tends to occur between May and September. Turkish culture has been heavily influenced by its history as well as the different ethnic groups that make up its population. Music styles range from traditional folk music such as Alevi or Bektashi to more modern genres such as hip-hop or pop while traditional dance often incorporates intricate hand movements accompanied by drums or other instruments. Religion also plays an important role in Turkish culture with Islam being the predominant faith followed by other faiths such as Christianity, Judaism, Yezidi and Alevism. Turkey is home to many unique species including Golden Jackal, Anatolian Leopard, Eurasian Lynx and Eastern Imperial Eagle among many others. There are also several national parks where visitors can explore these animals in their natural habitats such as Mount Nemrut National Park or Köprülü Canyon National Park. Turkey is a unitary parliamentary republican democracy. It is currently ruled by the AKP (Justice and Development Party) which has been in power since 2002. The leader of the party, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, is also the president of Turkey. The government follows a presidential system with an executive branch consisting of the President, Prime Minister and cabinet ministers who are all responsible to the Parliament. The legislative branch consists of 550 members of Parliament who are elected by popular vote every five years. The judicial branch is independent and includes a Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and Council of State. Turkey has a multiparty system and its political parties are known for their ideological diversity ranging from centre-right to far-left. In terms of foreign policy, Turkey follows a pro-Western stance and has been a member of NATO since 1952. It also has strong ties with other Middle Eastern countries such as Iran, Iraq and Syria which it sees as important partners in regional affairs. PARADISDACHAT: Features public policy of Turkey.