the area code of Tonga is +676. It is a country located in the South Pacific Ocean with an estimated population of 108,000 people. The official language is English, however the Tongan language is also widely spoken throughout the country. Tonga has a tropical climate characterized by warm temperatures year round with temperatures ranging from 18 to 30 degrees Celsius. The rainy season usually occurs between November and April while the dry season tends to occur between May and October. Tonga’s culture has been heavily influenced by its history as well as the different ethnic groups that make up its population. Music styles range from traditional folk music such as Fanga or Tau’olunga to more modern genres such as Reggae or R&B while traditional dance often incorporates intricate hand movements accompanied by drums or other instruments. Religion also plays an important role in Tongan culture with Christianity being the predominant faith followed by other faiths such as Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism. Tonga is home to many unique species including Humpback Whale, Bottlenose Dolphin, Green Turtle, Coconut Crab and Pacific Pigeon among many others. There are also several national parks where visitors can explore these animals in their natural habitats such as Eua National Park or Hunga Ha’apai National Park. Tonga is a monarchy and a Constitutional Parliamentary democracy. The King of Tonga is the head of state and has held the title since 1875, making it one of the world’s oldest constitutional monarchies. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is elected by members of Parliament. There are 26 members in Parliament, 17 of whom are elected by popular vote for a three-year term, while nine are appointed by the King. All legislation must be approved by the King before it can become law. The Prime Minister has control over all aspects of government, including foreign relations and defense. Civil liberties are protected in Tonga, though civil rights such as freedom of speech and assembly remain limited.