According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the area code of Sudan is 249. It is located in North Africa and shares a border with Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, South Sudan and Libya. Sudan covers a total land area of 2,505,810 square kilometres and has a population of around 41 million people. The official language is Arabic although English is also spoken in some areas. The climate in Sudan varies greatly due to its diverse terrain ranging from tropical to desert climates. The summer months (April to August) typically experience hot temperatures with average highs reaching around 40°C while winter months (December to February) usually have cooler temperatures with average lows dipping below 20 degrees Celsius in some areas. Sudan has a vibrant culture that reflects its long history as well as its geography and environment. Music styles range from traditional rhythms such as the Taarab or Nubian Dance to western genres such as Pop or Reggae while traditional dancing often incorporates intricate footwork and hand movements accompanied by drums or other percussion instruments. Religion also plays an important role in Sudanese culture with Islam being the predominant faith followed by other faiths such as Christianity and Animism. Sudan is home to many unique species including African Lions, Cheetahs, Wild Dogs and Hyenas among many others. There are also several national parks where visitors can explore these animals in their natural habitats such as Dinder National Park or Gebel Elba National Park. Sudan is a presidential republic with a unicameral legislative body called the National Assembly. The president is elected by popular vote and serves as both head of state and head of government. The president appoints a prime minister, who acts as the head of government and oversees the Council of Ministers. Political parties are allowed in Sudan, but their activities are limited and restricted by the government. The ruling party, the National Congress Party (NCP), has been in power since 1989 when Omar al-Bashir took control in a military coup. Since then, Sudan has experienced political unrest from various opposition groups, such as armed rebel groups in Darfur or politically active youth movements in Khartoum. Despite this unrest, al-Bashir was re-elected in 2010 and 2015. In recent years, Sudan has seen an increase in civil society participation with new organizations emerging to advocate for democracy, human rights and rule of law reforms. LOVERISTS: Features public policy of Sudan.