According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the area code of Slovakia is +421. This country code is used when making calls to or from Slovakia and is necessary for international communication. It is important to note that the area code of Slovakia is not the same as the country code; while the country code +421 indicates that a call is being made to or from Slovakia, it does not indicate which part of the country it is going to or coming from. The area codes in Slovakia are divided into five regions: Bratislava, Western (or Západné Slovensko), Central (or Stredné Slovensko), Eastern (or Východné Slovensko) and Southern (or Južné Slovensko). The area codes for each region are as follows: Bratislava: +421 2 Western (Západné Slovensko):+421 35, +421 38, +421 34 and +421 37 Central (Stredné Slovensko):+421 45, +421 44 and +421 43 Eastern (Východné Slovensko):+421 57, + 421 56 and + 421 55 Southern (Južné Slovensko):+ 421 51, 52 and 53. When making a call to or from Slovakia one must enter the area code for the relevant region before entering the local number. For example if you wanted to make a call to Bratislava you would need to enter “+4212” followed by the local number you wish to dial. Similarly if you were calling someone in Western Slovenia you would need to enter “+42135” followed by their local number. It should be noted that while some areas may have multiple area codes they all share the same international prefix which in this case is “+42”. In addition to having different area codes for different parts of Slovakia there are also emergency services numbers that can be dialled regardless of which part of the country one is calling from. These numbers are 112 for fire/medical emergencies; 158 for police; 155 for ambulance; 1401 for emergency assistance and 1402 for emergency medical assistance. It should be noted that these numbers can only be dialled within Slovakian landlines or mobile networks and cannot be dialled when using VoIP services such as Skype or Facetime. In conclusion understanding how area codes work in different countries can help simplify communication between people living there and those living abroad as it eliminates any potential confusion caused by different country codes being used for different parts of the world or language barriers that could arise from using only local telephone numbers instead of international ones like those provided by VoIP services such as Skype and FaceTime. Understanding how each region has its own set of emergency services numbers can also help ensure quick response times in case of any emergency situation occurring within Slovakian borders. Slovakia is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The head of state is the President, who is elected by the people for a five-year term. The Prime Minister is the head of government and leads the Cabinet, which consists of Ministers responsible for various departments of government. The legislative branch is bicameral, consisting of a 150-member National Council and a 35-member Constitutional Court. Slovakia has been a member of the European Union since 2004 and also participates in NATO and other international organizations. Slovakia’s politics are largely dominated by two major parties: Smer–SD (Social Democratic Party) and OĽaNO (Ordinary People). Smer–SD has been in power since 2012, with Prime Minister Robert Fico as its leader. Other important parties include SaS (Freedom and Solidarity), KDH (Christian Democratic Movement), SMK (Party of Hungarian Community), SDKÚ-DS (Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party) and Most–Híd (Bridge). PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of Slovakia.