According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, San Marino is an independent microstate located in central Italy. It is the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world, with a population of approximately 33,000 people. The main area code for San Marino is 0549, which covers most of its population centers. Other cities in San Marino may have different area codes but all begin with 0549. For example, Borgo Maggiore has an area code of 0549-88 while Domagnano has an area code of 0549-89. In addition to the two-digit area code, each San Marino phone number also contains a three-digit prefix that indicates the city or town from which the call was made. For example, if someone in Borgo Maggiore dials 0549-88-1234, the 88 indicates that the call was made from Borgo Maggiore while 0549 identifies it as being located in San Marino. Other major cities such as Domagnano (0549-89) also have their own unique three digit prefixes within their respective two digit area codes. In addition to these major cities, there are many smaller towns and villages throughout San Marino that also have their own unique two digit area codes. For example, Faetano has an area code of 0549-90 while Acquaviva has an area code of 0549-91. Similarly, Chiesanuova has an area code of 0549-92 while Serravalle has an area code of 054993. Each region’s administrative center also typically has its own unique three digit prefix within its respective two digit area code; for example, the administrative center of Faetano has a three digit prefix of 90 within its 054990 two digit area code. San Marino is a parliamentary representative democratic republic, and it has a multi-party system. The politics of San Marino take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the Captains Regent are the heads of state. The Captains Regent are elected every six months by the Grand and General Council – the legislature of San Marino. Executive power is exercised by the government, which is led by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The parliament is composed of 60 members elected for five-year terms by universal suffrage. The political parties in San Marino are divided into two main groups: those who support increased autonomy from Italy, and those who favour closer ties with Italy. PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of San Marino.