Samoa is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main islands and four smaller islands, with a total population of approximately 200,000 people. The main area code for Samoa is 685, which covers most of its population centers. Other cities in Samoa may have different area codes but all begin with 685. For example, Apia has an area code of 685-21 while Salelologa has an area code of 685-22. In addition to the two-digit area code, each Samoa phone number also contains a three-digit prefix that indicates the city or town from which the call was made. For example, if someone in Apia dials 685-21-1234, the 21 indicates that the call was made from Apia while 685 identifies it as being located in Samoa. Other major cities such as Salelologa (685-22) also have their own unique three digit prefixes within their respective two digit area codes. In addition to these major cities, there are many smaller towns and villages throughout Samoa that also have their own unique two digit area codes. For example, Safotu has an area code of 685-23 while Falealupo has an area code of 685-24. Similarly, Manono Island has an area code of 685-25 while Pago Pago has an area code of 685-26. Each region’s administrative center also typically has its own unique three digit prefix within its respective two digit area code; for example, the administrative center of Safotu has a three digit prefix of 23 within its 685230 two digit area code. Samoa is an independent nation and a member of the United Nations. Its government is a parliamentary democracy with the Prime Minister as head of government and the Head of State being the O le Ao o le Malo. The legislative branch consists of the Fono, which is made up of 47 members elected by popular vote and 6 representatives appointed by the Council of Deputies. The executive branch includes a cabinet appointed by the Prime Minister, who is responsible for policy formulation, execution, and coordination. Samoa’s legal system is based on English common law and local customs. The judiciary consists of courts with judges appointed by the Head of State on advice from the Judicial Service Commission. Samoa has an independent electoral commission to conduct free and fair elections for all citizens over 18 years old. It also has an active civil society that works to protect human rights and promote social justice in Samoa.