Rwanda is a small country located in East Africa with an estimated population of about 12 million people. It is divided into five provinces, each of which has its own two-digit area code. The main area code for Rwanda is 250, which covers the capital city of Kigali and most of the country’s population centers. Other cities in Rwanda may have different area codes but all begin with 250. For example, Gisenyi has an area code of 252 while Butare has an area code of 251. In addition to the two-digit area code, each Rwandan phone number also contains a three-digit prefix that indicates the city or town from which the call was made. For example, if someone in Kigali dials 250-788-1234, the 788 indicates that the call was made from Kigali while 250 identifies it as being located in Rwanda. Other major cities such as Gisenyi (252) and Butare (251) also have their own unique three-digit prefixes within their respective two-digit area codes. In addition to these major cities, there are many smaller towns and villages throughout Rwanda that also have their own unique two-digit area codes. For example, Ruhengeri has an area code of 256 while Cyangugu has an area code of 257. Similarly, Gitarama has an area code of 254 while Byumba has an area code of 253. Each region’s administrative center also typically has its own unique three-digit prefix within its respective two-digit area code; for example, the administrative center of Ruhengeri has a three-digit prefix of 256 within its 256 two-digit area code. Rwanda is a semi-presidential republic with a strong executive president. The president is both the head of state and government, as well as commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The current president, Paul Kagame, has been in office since 2000 and was reelected in 2017 for his third term. The Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President and approved by the Parliament, holds most executive power. The parliament has a lower and upper house with 80 and 26 members respectively. Members of both houses are elected through universal suffrage for five year terms. Rwanda also has an independent judiciary system that is headed by the Supreme Court. In addition to this, there are several other courts of law such as the High Court of Rwanda, District Courts and other specialized courts. The Constitution guarantees fundamental rights such as freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and right to privacy. There are several political parties in Rwanda including the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), Social Democratic Party (PSD), Liberal Party (PL) and Democratic Green Party (PDG). LOVERISTS: Features public policy of Rwanda.