According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the Qatari government is responsible for assigning and maintaining all area codes for the country. Qatar is divided into seven municipalities, each of which has its own distinct area code. The area codes range from 974 to 977 and cover all of the country’s municipalities. For example, Doha is assigned the area code 974 and Al Wakrah is assigned the area code 977. All landline numbers in Qatar are 8 digits long, with the first two digits representing the region’s respective area code. Mobile phone numbers in Qatar are 8 digits long, with the first two digits representing the service provider’s respective network code. In addition to assigning landline and mobile phone numbers, Qatari government also assigns special three-digit codes for various services such as emergency services, public utilities, government agencies, etc. For example, 999 is reserved for emergency services while 811 is reserved for public utilities such as electricity and water supply companies. Similarly, 901 is used by government agencies while 801 is used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These special codes can be used nationwide regardless of a person’s location or region within Qatar. Qatar is a monarchy ruled by the Al Thani family. The Emir of Qatar is the head of state and holds ultimate executive authority. He is assisted by a Council of Ministers, which he appoints. The country has its own judicial system, which consists of civil and Sharia courts. Sharia law is used in the civil court system in areas such as family law and inheritance, while other aspects are based on French legal traditions. The Constitution of Qatar provides for a legislative body, the Advisory Council, which has limited power to review proposed laws but cannot pass legislation itself. There are also several other government bodies that have special responsibilities such as economic development and public health. Qatar also has an independent Human Rights Commission that works to ensure protection for all citizens under international human rights standards. PARADISDACHAT: Features public policy of Qatar.