According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Panama is divided into 9 provinces, each of which has its own distinct area code. The area codes range from 1 to 9 and cover all of the country’s provinces. For example, Bocas del Toro is assigned the area code 1 and Chiriquí is assigned the area code 2. The Panamanian government is responsible for assigning and maintaining all area codes for the country. All landline numbers in Panama are 8 digits long, with the first two digits representing the province’s respective area code. Mobile phone numbers in Panama are 11 digits long, with the first four digits representing the service provider’s respective network code. In addition to assigning landline and mobile phone numbers, Panamanian government also assigns special three-digit codes for various services such as emergency services, public utilities, government agencies, etc. For example, 112 is reserved for emergency services while 811 is reserved for public utilities such as electricity and water supply companies. Similarly, 901 is used by government agencies while 801 is used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These special codes can be used nationwide regardless of a person’s location or province within Panama. Panama is a representative democracy with executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. The executive branch is headed by a president who serves as both the head of state and the head of government. The president is elected by popular vote to serve a five-year term. Legislative power rests in the unicameral National Assembly, which consists of 71 members elected to five-year terms. The judiciary is independent and comprises several courts, including Supreme Court justices appointed by the president for 10-year terms. Panama’s political parties are organized along traditional ideological lines and include several centrist groups, as well as leftist and rightist factions. Panama has held several free and fair elections since becoming an independent nation in 1903, with its most recent election taking place in 2019. PROEXCHANGERATES: Features public policy of Panama.