According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Pakistan is divided into eight provinces, each of which has its own distinct area code. The area codes range from 1 to 8 and cover all of the country’s provinces. For example, Punjab is assigned the area code 1 and Sindh is assigned the area code 2. The Pakistani government is responsible for assigning and maintaining all area codes for the country. All landline numbers in Pakistan are 8 digits long, with the first two digits representing the province’s respective area code. Mobile phone numbers in Pakistan are 11 digits long, with the first four digits representing the service provider’s respective network code. In addition to assigning landline and mobile phone numbers, Pakistani government also assigns special three-digit codes for various services such as emergency services, public utilities, government agencies, etc. For example, 112 is reserved for emergency services while 811 is reserved for public utilities such as electricity and water supply companies. Similarly, 901 is used by government agencies while 801 is used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These special codes can be used nationwide regardless of a person’s location or province within Pakistan. Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic and its politics are based on the Constitution of Pakistan which was adopted in 1973. The country has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance to gain power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The President of Pakistan is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The President is elected by an electoral college for a five-year term and can serve an unlimited number of terms. The Prime Minister is appointed by the National Assembly and serves a five-year term. Executive authority rests with the Prime Minister, who presides over a cabinet of ministers that he appoints from members of parliament. Legislative power rests with both the government and parliament, which consists of two houses: Senate and National Assembly. Each province also has its own assembly, called Provincial Assembly. The Supreme Court is the highest court in Pakistan’s judicial system; it exercises ultimate judicial authority over all other courts throughout Pakistan. PARADISDACHAT: Features public policy of Pakistan.