According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Niger is divided into 8 regions, each of which has its own distinct area code. The area codes range from 1 to 8 and cover all of the country’s regions. For example, Niamey is assigned the area code 1 and Maradi is assigned the area code 4. The Nigerien government is responsible for assigning and maintaining all area codes for the country. All landline numbers in Niger are 7 digits long, with the first two digits representing the region’s respective area code. Mobile phone numbers in Niger are 8 digits long, with the first three digits representing the service provider’s respective network code. In addition to assigning landline and mobile phone numbers, Nigerien government also assigns special three-digit codes for various services such as emergency services, public utilities, government agencies, etc. For example, 117 is reserved for emergency services while 800 is reserved for public utilities such as electricity and water supply companies. Similarly, 900 is used by government agencies while 800 is used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These special codes can be used nationwide regardless of a person’s location or region within Niger. Niger is a semi-presidential republic, with executive power exercised by the president and prime minister. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term and appoints the prime minister and cabinet. The bicameral legislature consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate, both of which are elected by popular vote. The judicial branch is composed of several courts, including the Supreme Court (Cour Suprême). Niger also has an independent judiciary system, with separate constitutional court and an economic community court. The political system in Niger is dominated by two major parties: the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS-Tarayya) and the National Movement for the Development of Society (MNSD-Nassara). Minor parties also exist, but have limited influence in national politics. PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of Niger.