According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Nepal is divided into seven provinces, each of which has its own distinct area code. The area codes are based on the provinces’ respective geographical locations and are used to identify phone numbers within each province. The area codes range from 01 to 99 and cover all of Nepal’s 77 districts. Each district has its own unique two-digit code that is used to identify telephone numbers in that particular district. For example, Kathmandu Valley is assigned the area code 01 and Pokhara Valley is assigned the area code 02. The Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) is responsible for maintaining the country’s telephone system as well as assigning and maintaining all area codes for Nepal. All landline numbers in Nepal are 10 digits long, with the first two digits representing the district’s respective area code. Mobile phone numbers in Nepal are 11 digits long, with the first three digits representing the service provider’s respective network code. In addition to assigning landline and mobile phone numbers, NTA also assigns special three-digit codes for various services such as emergency services, public utilities, government agencies, etc. For example, 100 is reserved for emergency services while 199 is reserved for public utilities such as electricity and water supply companies. Similarly, 800 is used by government agencies while 700 is used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These special codes can be used nationwide regardless of a person’s location or province within Nepal. Nepal is a democratic republic with a multi-party system. The head of state is the President, and the head of government is the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister, who is the leader of the majority party in Parliament, appoints a Council of Ministers to assist in governing the country. Nepal’s politics are heavily influenced by its two largest parties: The Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist). Both parties have traditionally been strong advocates for democracy, human rights, and social justice. They have worked together to ensure that Nepal remains a secular state and to promote economic development. In recent years, new political actors have emerged on the scene such as regional parties and civil society organizations which have sought to increase their influence in politics. Despite these developments, Nepal’s politics remain largely dominated by two major parties who are focused on maintaining their power bases and advancing their own agendas. PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of Nepal.