According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Monaco is a small sovereign city-state located in Western Europe with an area code of +377. It is bordered by France to the north, east and west while the Mediterranean Sea lies to the south. Monaco has a population of around 38,000 people with French being the official language. The principality is ruled by a constitutional monarchy under the House of Grimaldi and its economy relies heavily on tourism, banking and finance. The climate in Monaco is generally mild with mild winters and hot summers due to its location on the Mediterranean Sea. Tourism makes up an important part of Monaco’s economy as it attracts over 10 million visitors each year who come to experience its glamorous lifestyle, luxury hotels, casinos and beaches. Other attractions include its beautiful architecture like the Prince’s Palace, Cathedral of Our Lady Immaculate and Oceanographic Museum as well as various festivals such as Monte Carlo Rally and Monaco Grand Prix which attract people from all over the world every year. Monaco also has a strong cultural heritage which includes art, music, literature and cuisine that can be seen all across the principality. Art galleries like Musée des Beaux-Arts showcase some of Monaco’s best art while music plays an important role in day-to-day life with traditional instruments such as cetlina being played at weddings and other celebrations. Literature has also been an important part of Monaco’s culture for centuries with many famous authors writing about their homeland’s history and culture. Monaco also offers visitors numerous culinary options from Michelin star restaurants to casual bistros where you can sample some delicious local dishes like socca (chickpea pancakes) or barbajuan (meat filled pastries). There are also numerous wine tours available for those interested in sampling some delicious wines from local wineries while learning more about this region’s winemaking history. Monaco is a constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as its head of state. The Prince has the power to exercise executive authority and to promulgate laws, but his powers are limited by the Constitution and he is bound by convention to act on the advice of the government. The government is headed by a Minister of State appointed by the Prince from a list of three French nationals proposed by the French Government. Legislative power is vested in a 24-member National Council which is elected for five-year terms. Elections are held under universal suffrage, with citizens 18 years and over eligible to vote. The country’s legal system comprises civil law based on French law and customary law based on ancient local customs. Monaco’s foreign policy is closely linked to that of France; it also maintains close relations with other European countries and participates in international organizations such as the United Nations, World Trade Organization and International Monetary Fund. The Principality has limited defense capabilities, relying heavily on France for its security needs; it also relies heavily on France for economic aid and protection from outside influences. LOVERISTS: Features public policy of Monaco.