According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Mexico is a large nation located in North America with an area code of +52. It is bordered by the United States to the north and Guatemala and Belize to the south. Mexico City is the capital and largest city in Mexico, while other major cities include Monterrey, Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana, Ciudad Juarez and Toluca. The official language of Mexico is Spanish but many other languages are spoken as well including Nahuatl, Mixtec, Mayan, Zapotec and Otomí. Catholicism is the predominant religion in Mexico with over 80% of the population practicing it while other religions such as Protestantism are also practiced by a small portion of the population. Mexico has a tropical climate with warm temperatures throughout the year which makes it an ideal holiday destination throughout the year. Agriculture forms an important part of the economy as most people are involved in subsistence farming or herding livestock such as cattle, pigs and chickens while fishing also plays a role in the economy due to its proximity to both Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. Mining has also become increasingly important over recent years due to oil being discovered in many parts of the country while tourism has been growing steadily over recent years due to its many attractions like ancient ruins like Chichen Itza and Palenque as well as its cultural diversity which includes various festivals throughout the year that attract tourists from all over the world every year. Mexico is a federal representative democratic republic and operates under a multi-party system. The federal government consists of three branches: the executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch is headed by the President, who is both the head of state and government. The legislative branch consists of two chambers: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Both chambers are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms. The judicial branch is composed of Supreme Court justices appointed by the President with Senate approval. Mexico has had a long history of transitioning between different political parties since its transition to democracy in 2000. Currently, Mexico’s Congress is dominated by two major parties: the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the National Action Party (PAN). Additionally, there are several smaller parties such as the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), Citizen’s Movement Party (Movimiento Ciudadano), and social democratic Labor Party (PT). All political parties must be registered with Mexico’s Federal Electoral Institute in order to participate in elections for public office. PROEXCHANGERATES: Features public policy of Mexico.