According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Mauritius is an island nation located in the Indian Ocean with an area code of +230. It is a volcanic island with lush green mountains and white sandy beaches which has made it a popular tourist destination for many years. The capital city of Mauritius is Port Louis and the largest city is Curepipe. The official language of Mauritius is English but other languages such as French, Creole and Hindi are also spoken by the population. Hinduism is the predominant religion in Mauritius with over 55% of the population practicing it while other religions such as Christianity, Islam and Buddhism are also practiced by a small portion of the population. Mauritius has a tropical climate with warm temperatures throughout the year which makes it an ideal holiday destination throughout the year. Agriculture forms an important part of the economy as most people are involved in subsistence farming or fishing for tuna, marlin, mahi-mahi and other fish species found in abundance in these waters. Mining has also become increasingly important over recent years due to phosphates being discovered in many parts of the country while tourism has been growing steadily over recent years due to its many attractions like Black River Gorges National Park as well as its cultural diversity which includes various festivals throughout the year that attract tourists from all over the world every year. Mauritius is a parliamentary democracy with a multi-party system. The Prime Minister is the Head of Government and of a multi-party Cabinet. Legislative power rests with the Parliament, which consists of 70 members elected for five-year terms in single-seat constituencies. The President is the Head of State, appointed by the Parliament for five years. Executive power rests with the Prime Minister and his Cabinet, who are responsible to the Parliament. The judiciary is independent from both executive and legislative branches and is headed by a Chief Justice appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister after consultation with the Leader of Opposition.
The main political parties in Mauritius are: Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), Mauritian Labour Party (MLP), Mauritian Social Democrat Party (MSDP) and Mauritus Militant Movement (MMM). These parties have been active in national politics since independence in 1968. Each party has its own platform that caters to different social classes, ethnic groups and ideological views across the island nation. In addition to these major parties, there are several minor parties that also provide representation to various minority interests. LOVERISTS: Features public policy of Mauritius.