According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Egypt is divided into two area codes, the first being 20 which covers most of the country including the capital city of Cairo and its surrounding areas. This area code is home to over 86 million people and it is the most populous area code in Egypt. The second area code is 11 which covers parts of Sudan and Saudi Arabia near Egypt’s borders. Area code 20 encompasses much of Egypt’s urban areas such as Alexandria, located on the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Suez, located on the Red Sea. This area code also includes parts of Giza and Asyut, two cities located in the northern region of Egypt near Sudan’s border. Area code 11 contains more rural areas such as Luxor, located in southern Egypt near Saudi Arabia’s border. It also includes some small islands off its coast such as Tiran Island which are home to a few thousand people combined. All two area codes have their own unique characteristics that differentiate them from each other. For example, 20 has a higher population density due to its proximity to major cities in Egypt while 11 has a more rural feel due to its location in more remote parts of Egypt such as Luxor or Aswan. Additionally, 11 also includes some small islands off Egypt’s coast which provide a unique contrast to the mainland with their rugged terrain and sparsely populated landscapes that overlook the ocean waters below them. Egypt is a semi-presidential republic, with a president and prime minister sharing executive power. The president is elected by popular vote for a maximum of two four-year terms. The prime minister is appointed by the president and approved by the Parliament. The Parliament consists of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Shura Council, with the former having more legislative power. Egypt has a multi-party system, with several parties competing in parliamentary elections. In recent years, political parties have been dominated by the National Democratic Party (NDP) and the Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP). The NDP was dissolved in 2011 after being declared unconstitutional; however, many of its members created new political alliances to continue their political activities. In 2012, Mohamed Morsi of the FJP won Egypt’s first free presidential election in history. Since then, Egypt has experienced several periods of political unrest due to instability and infighting between different factions within government institutions. LOVERISTS: Features public policy of Egypt.