According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the area code of Chad is +235, which was adopted in 1997 when the country switched to the ITU-T E.164 numbering system. The code is divided into two parts: ‘+’ and ‘235’. The ‘+’ indicates that the number is international and the ‘235’ identifies the country as Chad. In Chad, telephone numbers are usually nine digits long and are divided into three parts: a two-digit area code, a three-digit exchange code and a four-digit line number. Area codes indicate the geographic region of the phone number and are used to route incoming calls to their respective locations. Exchange codes identify specific local calling areas within each geographic region, while line numbers identify individual subscribers within each local calling area. Chad has made significant advances in telecommunication services over recent years, with mobile phone penetration rates increasing rapidly across both rural and urban areas of the country. This has been driven by increased investment in infrastructure improvements as well as technological advancements such as 3G networks being rolled out in major cities across Chad. As such, it is important for businesses operating within Chad to ensure they are using the correct area codes when making calls within the country as well as when communicating with other countries around the world. Chad is a central African country with an elected semi-presidential democratic government. The President of Chad is elected by popular vote to serve as both the Head of State and Head of Government. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, and serves as the head of government. The National Assembly is made up of 155 members who are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. In addition to the executive and legislative branches, there are independent judicial, electoral and audit commissions in place to ensure a transparent and fair political process. The current president, Idriss Deby, has been in power since 1990, making him one of Africa’s longest-serving leaders. He has managed to maintain his grip on power through a combination of organized patronage networks, political repression and constitutional amendments that have allowed him to remain in office for longer than allowed by law. LOVERISTS: Features public policy of Chad.