According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Bulgaria is a country located in the Balkan Peninsula of Southeastern Europe and it has an area code of +359. This code was adopted in 1996 when Bulgaria switched to the ITU-T E.164 numbering system. The code is divided into two parts: ‘+’ and ‘359’. The ‘+’ indicates that the number is international and the ‘359’ identifies the country as Bulgaria. The most common type of telephone numbers found in Bulgaria are mobile numbers, which are nine digits long starting with 8 or 9, followed by 8 more digits. Landline numbers have seven digits, while VoIP numbers have ten digits starting with 6 or 7, followed by 9 more digits. In addition to these types of telephone numbers, there are also toll-free and premium rate services available in Bulgaria which use different formats than standard phone numbers. Toll-free services usually start with 0800 or 0801, while premium rate services usually start with 0900 or 0901. Bulgaria has one of the highest mobile phone penetration rates in Europe and its population is rapidly increasing their use of telecommunication services such as mobile phones, internet access and other technologies due to advances in infrastructure and technology over recent years. As such, it is important for businesses operating within Bulgaria to ensure they are using the correct area codes when making calls within the country as well as when communicating with other countries around the world. Bulgaria is a parliamentary representative democratic republic. The government is composed of the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers, which are responsible to the unicameral National Assembly. The President of Bulgaria serves as the head of state and is elected by direct popular vote for a five-year term. The Prime Minister is chosen by Parliament and is responsible for selecting members of the Council of Ministers. The judicial branch includes a Supreme Court of Cassation, an Appellate Court, and a Constitutional Court that hears cases involving constitutional issues. Bulgaria has a multi-party political system with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. PETSINCLUDE: Features public policy of Bulgaria.