According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, Brazil is a South American country located in the eastern part of the continent. It has an area code of +55, which is used for all telephone numbers in the country. This code was adopted in 1996 when Brazil switched to the ITU-T E.164 numbering system. The code is divided into two parts: ‘+’ and ‘55’. The ‘+’ indicates that the number is international and the ‘55’ identifies the country as Brazil. The most common type of telephone numbers found in Brazil are mobile numbers, which are nine digits long starting with 9, followed by 8 more digits. Landline numbers have eight digits, while VoIP numbers have eleven digits starting with 5 or 6, followed by 9 more digits. In addition to these types of telephone numbers, there are also toll-free and premium rate services available in Brazil which use different formats than standard phone numbers. Toll-free services usually start with 0800 or 0801, while premium rate services usually start with 0900 or 0901. Brazil has one of the highest mobile phone penetration rates in South America and its population is rapidly increasing their use of telecommunication services such as mobile phones, internet access and other technologies due to advances in infrastructure and technology over recent years. As such, it is important for businesses operating within Brazil to ensure they are using the correct area codes when making calls within the country as well as when communicating with other countries around the world. Brazil is a democratic federal republic, and its government is organized as a presidential system. The President of Brazil is both the head of state and head of government, and is elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The President appoints the Ministers of State who form the executive branch of the federal government. Legislative power is vested in both the executive branch and the two chambers of Congress: the Chamber of Deputies and Federal Senate. The judiciary is independent from all other branches, with judges appointed by the President from a list of nominees from each state’s Supreme Court. Brazil has an active political environment, with numerous parties representing various ideologies. The largest party in Brazil is the Workers’ Party, which was founded in 1980 and has been in power since 2003. Other important parties include the Brazilian Social Democracy Party, Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, Social Liberal Party, Democrats, Brazilian Republican Party, and Communist Party of Brazil. PROEXCHANGERATES: Features public policy of Brazil.