According to ALLCITYCODES.COM, the area code for Argentina is 54. It is located in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP), and is one of the South American countries that use the NANP system. The 54 code is used to make calls within Argentina, as well as making international calls to and from other countries in the NANP system. The country has three main landlines operators, Telefonica de Argentina, Cablevision, and Telecom Argentina, all of which offer competitive rates for local, regional, and international calls. In addition to landlines, there are several mobile networks in Argentina such as Claro (formerly CTI Móvil), Movistar (formerly Telefónica Moviles), Personal (formerly Telecom Personal), Nextel (formerly Nextel Networks) and Tuenti. Customers can purchase prepaid sim cards from any of these providers in order to make calls to local numbers or international numbers within the NANP system. All of these networks offer competitive rates for both local and international calls. For those who need to make international calls from Argentina outside of the NANP system, there are several third-party service providers that offer competitive rates on making such calls. These include International Call Cards (ICC), which allow customers to purchase calling minutes at a discounted rate; World Phone Card International Calling Services; VoIP services such as Skype; prepaid calling cards; or through VoIP apps like Viber or Whatsapp. Argentina is a federal republic with a presidential system of government. The president is both the head of state and the head of government, and executive power is exercised by the president. The president is elected by universal suffrage for a four-year term, and can be re-elected indefinitely. Argentina has a multi-party system, with two major political parties: the Justicialist Party and the Radical Civic Union (UCR). The Justicialist Party has been in power since 2003, while the UCR is in opposition. Argentina’s legislative branch consists of two chambers: an upper house called the Senate and a lower house called the Chamber of Deputies. Each chamber consists of elected members who serve four-year terms. The judicial branch is independent from other branches, composed of several courts including Supreme Court, Federal Civil and Criminal Courts, Provincial Civil and Criminal Courts, Administrative Litigation Courts, Labor Courts, Electoral Courts etc. PROEXCHANGERATES: Features public policy of Argentina.