Rwanda. In a series of ceremonies, in April Rwanda observed the ten-year commemoration of the 1994 genocide, when at least 800,000 people were killed. The anniversaries coincided with a diplomatic conflict with France, after a French investigation blamed current President Paul Kagame for the 1994 firing of the then President Juvénal Habyarimana’s aircraft. The genocide was carefully planned and prepared for a long time, but the death of the president became the igniting spark. Kagame, who at the time led the Tutside-dominated guerrilla Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR), accused the French state of having trained and equipped the hutumilies who carried out the genocide. Kagame also investigated France’s suspected role in the genocide.
According to CountryAAH, the total population in Rwanda is 12,952,229 people in 2020. Former Minister of Education Jean de Dieu Kamuhanda and former Finance Minister Emmanuel Ndindabahizi were sentenced to life imprisonment at the UN War Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and former mayor of Rusamo City, Sylvestre Gacumbitsi, sentenced to 30 years. In September, for the first time, a Catholic priest was brought before the UN Court. Athanase Seromba is charged with having massacred hutumilis up to 2,000 Tutsis seeking protection in his own parish church. In September, the trial of former commander-in-chief General Augustin Bizimungu also began.
In June, a court in Rwanda sentenced former President Pasteur Bizimungu to 15 years in prison for, among other things. upswing and embezzlement of state funds. Bizimungu, who belonged to the FPR despite being a hutu, was Rwanda’s first president after the genocide. He resigned in 2000 after criticizing FPR for unilaterally favoring the Tutsin minority. Of the few who dared to speak, the trial and verdict against Bizimungu received criticism for political governance, and according to Amnesty International, some evidence had been forced through torture.
After ten years of state ethereal monopoly, the first private radio stations were allowed since the genocide. Private radio has been a sensitive issue, since before and during the genocide there were radio broadcasts with serious propaganda against the Tutsis.