Niger. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Niger is 24,206,655 people in 2020. President Mamadou Tandja was re-elected in December for a new four-year term, but was forced into a second round of elections, where he received over 65% of the vote. In the parliamentary elections, his party National Movement for the Development Society (MNSD) retained a clear majority in cooperation with other presidential parties. Earlier in the year, local elections were held, where so far the centrally appointed traditional and religious leaders for the first time were subjected to voters’ trials.
N., which has been severely financially depressed since both the price and demand for the country’s only major export uranium have fallen sharply, got two-thirds of its US $ 1.8 billion foreign debt written off by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The assisting countries within the Paris Club then decided to donate all their claims of $ 104 million.
After four months of work, the National Conference decided to form a transitional government with a Prime Minister, Amadou Cheffou, as leader. André Salifou was appointed President of the Supreme Council of the Republic, the legislative body at this stage. Never before had the country’s situation been so critical: the state was cracking down, there were no resources allocated to pay the salaries of public officials, and the students were not receiving their student aid.
The economic disaster, with subsequent social crisis, was also partly explained by the sharp fall in prices for uranium. In 1989 the price had been 30,000 francs per kilo, while in 1991 it had fallen to 19,000 francs.
In February 1992, the Tuareg guerrillas again seized arms against the government. In December, the new constitution was approved by a referendum with 90% of the vote, but two months later the ruling party was defeated by the opposition in parliamentary elections.
In April 1993, Mahamane Ousmane became Niger’s first president with 55.4% of the vote in the second election. Work on reaching an agreement that could end the Tuareg guerrilla uprising in the northern part of the country continued throughout the year and much of 1994.
The fighting continued. In May 1994, 40 people died from the rebel and government forces. This led to an agreement between the main guerrilla group, “Coordination of the Armed Resistance”, and the government. In June, the government agreed to grant self-government to a part of the country reserved for about 750,000 Tuareger.
During student actions that demanded, among other things, the payment of student support that the students had for good, the government arrested 91 members of the opposition. In September, Prime Minister Mahamadou Issoufou resigned after his political group, the Nigerian Party for Democracy and Socialism, withdrew from the government coalition, which left it without an absolute majority in parliament.
In January 1995, an opposition coalition won the election to the legislative assembly, replacing immediate Prime Minister Boubacar Cissé Amadou with Hama Amadou. This, as its first precaution, announced a program of financial tightening, and obtained an agreement to pay the delayed salaries to public servants.
The tension between the new government and the president grew steadily. In January 1996, a coup d’etat forced Ousmane’s fall, replacing him with a “Council for the Salvation of the Nation” led by Colonel Ibrahim Bare Mainassara, who appointed Boukary Adji as prime minister. In July, Mainassara was elected president with 52% of the vote. The new “strong man” dissolved the Independent National Electoral Commission, which led the main opposition parties to boycott the legislative assembly in November. In December, Boubacar Cissé was appointed new Prime Minister – by virtue of the victory of Mainassara’s supporters.