New Zealand. According to CountryAAH, the total population in New Zealand is 4,822,244 people in 2020. The issue of Maori rights was the subject of intense debate during the first half of the year. It was largely triggered by a bill that gave the state ownership of coast and sea, while at the same time affirming the Maori traditional rights to these areas. However, the Maoris would not be allowed to deny other access to the coasts and the seabed. At the beginning of the year, the Nationalist Party’s new leader Don Brash criticized what he saw as unfair discrimination against the Moorish minority. For the first time in six years, the Nationalist Party briefly followed the ruling Labor Party in the opinion polls. In April-May, thousands of Maoris and others gathered in a two-week protest march, hikoi, to highlight their dissatisfaction with the bill, which according to them was contrary to the rights granted to the Maori by the Waitangi Treaty of 1840. Two Labor members also opposed the law, and one of them, Deputy Minister Tariana Turia, was forced to resign at the end of April. A few days later, the opposition issued a declaration of no confidence in the government, which survived by a small margin. The new law was first adopted with the support of the populist New Zealand right-wing party. Turia left the Labor Party in mid-May and the following month was appointed leader of a new party, the Maori Party. In a July 10 general election, she was elected to Parliament as the representative of the new party.
|Land area||267,710 km²|
|Residents per km²||18.4|
|Income per capita||$ 39,000|
|Currency||New Zealand dollar|
|ISO 3166 code||NZ|
|Time zone UTC||+12|
|Geographic coordinates||41 00 S, 174 00 O|
In July, relations with Israel deteriorated since two Israelis, suspected of belonging to the Israeli security service Mossad, were convicted of trying to trick a New Zealand passport. When the government did not receive the apology demanded from Israel, it took several measures, including: all diplomatic contacts were stopped and a planned state visit by the Israeli president was canceled
Lesley Martin, who was sentenced in April to 15 months in prison for giving his morbidly ill mother an overdose of morphine, was released in December. Martin led a campaign to allow euthanasia in the country.
At the end of the year, Parliament passed a partnership law that would give unmarried cohabiting couples – regardless of gender – the same rights as married when it comes to child custody, taxation and social benefits. The law was to enter into force in April 2005. The law sparked fierce debate, but according to opinion polls, it was supported by a majority of New Zealanders. However, the opposition was strong in conservative circles.
NEW ZEALAND AS A DESTINATION
In New Zealand, summer is our winter time. At that time, daytime temperatures in New Zealand are around + 18–23 ° C and rainfall is also at its lowest. In New Zealand, the main rainy season is May-August, but rainfall is possible throughout the year.
In addition to the two main islands, New Zealand includes numerous smaller islands. The islands are largely volcanic and small earthquakes are quite common, bigger ones fortunately less frequent. There are some functioning volcanoes and geysers on the North Island. On the south island there is a mountain range called the Alps and in its southern part there are also many fjords dug by glaciers. We explore the Doubtful Sound Fjord on a cruise lasting about an hour, here we may also see dolphins, seals and penguins.
In recent years, the stunning landscapes of New Zealand have been featured in many films. The green forests of the North Island have become familiar from, among other things, the Tale of the Lord of the Rings trilogy. We also visit the Hobbiton movie village.
The original residents of New Zealand were the Maori, we learn about their history and culture in Rotorua.