Burma. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Myanmar is 54,409,811 people in 2020. 77-year-old Tin Oo, vice-chairman of the opposition party National Democracy Association (NLD), was moved from prison to house arrest in February, and in April, NLD’s headquarters in Rangoon was opened after a year’s closure. However, no more concessions to the opposition did the military junta, and when in May it started a new round of negotiations on a new constitution, the NLD and several ethnic minorities boycotted the talks.
The government’s so-called roadmap for democracy also received sharp criticism from the UN. The UN agency ILO reported in May that forced labor is still widespread in Burma and that the government has not made significant efforts to overcome it.
In July, the United States extended the ban on all imports from Burma by one year. In return, the state-owned Thai energy company PTTEP signed a contract worth at least US $ 18 million to develop and operate two gas fields in the sea outside Burma for 25 years.
An internal power struggle in the military junta led to several government reforms in the autumn. Prime Minister Khin Nyunt and Foreign Minister Win Aung, who were both believed to have advocated some close ties to the opposition, were among those dismissed. Lieutenant-General Soe Win was appointed new Prime Minister, who is considered to advocate tough grip on regime critics. The victorious Junta prisoner accused Khin Nyunt of corruption and abuse of power and dissolved the military intelligence service he had led.
In late autumn, Juntan released 14,000 prisoners who were said to have been arrested on incorrect grounds, but most were ordinary criminals. Only a handful of political prisoners were released.
2017 Genocide on Rohingya
In the fall of 2017, the security forces’ repression of the Rohingya people developed into actual genocide. On August 25, the regime claimed 71 people had been killed during a Rohingya attack on 24 police stations and a military base in Rakhine state. There were reportedly 1 soldier, 1 border officer, 10 police officers and 59 rebels. The security forces then massively embarked on the repression of the Rohingya people throughout Rakhine: their villages burned down, the women raped, the men, women, children and old arbitrarily executed. The genocide triggered a massive influx of refugees against Bangladesh. Two months later, more than ½ million. rohingyar out of 1 million. escaped. In satellite photos only the many burnt villages are seen. 30,000 Buddhists and Hindus were also evacuated. Their story was that they had become by Rohingya. Aung San Suu Kyi categorically refused to distance himself from the military genocide. This sparked international criticism of the country’s formal leader and demands from former Nobel laureates that she should have taken her peace prize. South African Bishop Desmond Tutu also criticized her. Myanmar denied journalists and international observers access to Rakhine, so the stories were based on the refugee horror stories and studies of satellite photos. (so the stories were based on the refugees’ horror stories and studies of satellite photos. (so the stories were based on the refugees’ horror stories and studies of satellite photos.
In November, DanChurchAid characterized the conditions in Bangladesh’s refugee camps as appalling. The camps were poorly built on valley slopes, and there was a prospect that the rainy season could flush away the poorly built homes.
Many pointed to the fact that after the takeover of civil power in early 2016, the military took the opportunity to “resolve” the ethnic and religious conflicts in the north and south with military means and allow the “civilian” government to take criticism.
In August 2018, the United Nations published a report laying the responsibility for the Rakhine genocide on the Burmese military. The dictatorship had banned the UN from accessing the country, so the study underlying the report was based on interviews with victims of the massacres. The report criticized Aung San Suu Kyi’s passive role: “She has neither used her de-facto role as government leader nor her moral position to curb or hinder events in Rakhine.” The publication of the report led Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Fortify Rights and Save the Children to call on the ICC to initiate an investigation into the genocide. (Myanmar’s military accused of genocide in damning UN report, Guardian 27/8 2018)
In November, Amnesty International stripped Aung San Suu Kyi of her honor as a courtesy ambassador she was awarded in 2009 when she was in house arrest. Amnesty found that she had shamefully betrayed the ideas she once stood for. In September, she had defended the sentence of 7 years in prison for two Reuters journalists who had investigated the military massacres at Rohingya in Rakhine.