Mozambique. In September, Sweden demanded just over SEK 3.5 million. of Mozambique’s Ministry of Education, after an audit of aid paid showed that the money was used incorrectly. Despite the shortcomings in aid management, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a US $ 16.6 million loan for budget support until 2006.
Despite relatively high inflation of close to 14% in 2003, Mozambique was considered to have managed its economy well by managed to reduce the proportion of poor residents from close to 70% in 1996 to 54% in 2002. GDP was projected to increase by more than 8% in 2004.
According to CountryAAH, the total population in Mozambique is 31,255,446 people in 2020. Mozambique’s biggest political scandal took a new turn in May, when Anibal Antonio dos Santos, alias Anibalzinho, succeeded in escaping from prison where he served a 28-year sentence for the 2000 murder of journalist Carlos Cardoso. He was murdered when he investigated a major banking scandal with suspicious links high up in the political leadership. There were strong suspicions that Anibalzinho was helped to leave the prison, after which he managed to get to Canada. Upon extradition, he was to face a new trial in Mozambique.
In February, Prime Minister Pascoal Mocumbi resigned to take up a new post at an international healthcare program. He was succeeded by 46-year-old Finance Minister Luísa Dias Diogo, Mozambique’s first female prime minister. The appointment of her meant a historic generation shift; she became the first high-level leader to not participate in the liberation war against the Portuguese colonial army.
In the presidential elections in early December, the ruling party won Frelimo’s candidate Armando Guebuza by a large margin. In the parliamentary elections, Frelimo received 160 of the 250 seats. Foreign observers complained about many inaccuracies but judged that the result still reflected the will of the people. However, the opposition party Renamo demanded re-election and threatened to boycott Parliament. Guebuza succeeds Joaquim Chissano, who had to step down after 18 years as president.