Haiti. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Haiti is 11,402,539 people in 2020. The multi-year political crisis in Haiti reached its climax at the beginning of the year. At a meeting in Jamaica on January 31 with the Caribbean partner CARICOM, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, under threat of economic sanctions, accepted a six-point program for political stability and political reform. But in Haiti, violent clashes between police and supporters and opponents of the president took place at the same time.
On February 5, the violence took the form of a total uprising against President Aristide by storming the rebel police station in the city of Gonaïves in northern Haiti. The entire department of Artibonite was declared an independent zone by self-proclaimed mayor Etienne Winter. The uprising soon spread to other cities in the north, most notably Cap-Haiti, where Guy Philippe, a former military and police chief in the city, took the lead. The forces he led to march toward the capital called himself the Front de Résistance Artibonite and was a diverse collection of former soldiers from the army and members of death squadrons and various militias, among others. the so-called Cannibal Army (Armée Cannibale) under Amiot Métayer, who previously supported the president but now turned against him. According to abbreviationfinder, HT stands for Haiti in text.
The insurgents focused primarily on attacks on police stations, and since the police, who, after President Aristide’s abolition of the US call for the country’s army responsible for the internal order, proved unable to control the situation, Milis of Aristide supporters instead took on its role. Under threat of civil war, Aristide fled the country at the end of February, first to the Central African Republic, and then to South Africa. Supreme Court President Boniface Alexandre assumed office, but unrest continued for the rest of the year.
At the end of May, Haiti was hit by a major tropical storm that left close to 2,000 dead. Large floods and landslides followed in the wake of the storm, especially in the southeastern part of the country. The basic reason why the disaster became so widespread was generally considered to be the massive deforestation in the country that takes place in the wake of poverty. 10 million trees are cut down annually to be used as fuel.
Haiti is a state of Central America (Greater Antilles), which occupies the western part of the island of Hispaniola (see fig.). The island of Gonâve also belongs to him.
In 1790, 524,000 residents were registered in the country, then a French colony; of these, about 30,000 were white and the remainder black, for the most part (450,000) slaves. The plantation system, based on the use of servile labor, had created this imbalance between whites and blacks, which then had major consequences on the events of the country, when the victorious revolt of the slaves eliminated the white minority. Today Haiti is a Republic where the ethnic contrast between about 94% of the residents represented by blacks, 5% by mulattoes and the rest by whites, finds a very clear correspondence in the cultural and economic field. In fact, the mulattos live essentially in the city, monopolizing trade, services and administration, while the blacks are mainly peasants and live in serious conditions of misery. Population growth records a significant acceleration (approximately 1.8% in 2008), although the uncertain political situation and the difficult economic situation determine huge migratory flows to the United States, Canada, Cuba and the Dominican Republic. The most densely populated areas are the northern coastal strip, that of the Gulf of Gonâve and the area of the capital, whose urban agglomeration has received increasingly significant immigration flows from the countryside. On the other hand, the network of the other centers remains weak and, consequently, the rurality rate is high (about 64%). The prevalent religion is the Catholic one, although cults of African origin are widespread in the countryside.