Haiti. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Haiti is 11,402,539 people in 2020. The multi-year political crisis in Haiti reached its climax at the beginning of the year. At a meeting in Jamaica on January 31 with the Caribbean partner CARICOM, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, under threat of economic sanctions, accepted a six-point program for political stability and political reform. But in Haiti, violent clashes between police and supporters and opponents of the president took place at the same time.
On February 5, the violence took the form of a total uprising against President Aristide by storming the rebel police station in the city of Gonaïves in northern Haiti. The entire department of Artibonite was declared an independent zone by self-proclaimed mayor Etienne Winter. The uprising soon spread to other cities in the north, most notably Cap-Haiti, where Guy Philippe, a former military and police chief in the city, took the lead. The forces he led to march toward the capital called himself the Front de Résistance Artibonite and was a diverse collection of former soldiers from the army and members of death squadrons and various militias, among others. the so-called Cannibal Army (Armée Cannibale) under Amiot Métayer, who previously supported the president but now turned against him.
The insurgents focused primarily on attacks on police stations, and since the police, who, after President Aristide’s abolition of the US call for the country’s army responsible for the internal order, proved unable to control the situation, Milis of Aristide supporters instead took on its role. Under threat of civil war, Aristide fled the country at the end of February, first to the Central African Republic, and then to South Africa. Supreme Court President Boniface Alexandre assumed office, but unrest continued for the rest of the year.
At the end of May, Haiti was hit by a major tropical storm that left close to 2,000 dead. Large floods and landslides followed in the wake of the storm, especially in the southeastern part of the country. The basic reason why the disaster became so widespread was generally considered to be the massive deforestation in the country that takes place in the wake of poverty. 10 million trees are cut down annually to be used as fuel.