According to CountryAAH, the total population in Eritrea is 3,546,432 people in 2020. Eritrea became increasingly politically isolated during the year. The government refused to accept the UN envoy who would make new attempts to resolve the country’s border conflict with Ethiopia, as it suspected that a previous decision to give Eritrea a disputed border village would be torn down. The UN later accused the Eritrean authorities of harassing UN personnel. Amnesty International criticized diminished respect for human rights, including widespread application of torture, arbitrary arrests and persecution on religious grounds. The Swedish government refused to visit Swedish citizen Dawit Isaak, one of dozens of journalists who have been in prison without trial since the fall of 2001.
At the same time, the economic problems increased. During the fall, both gasoline and diesel were rationed due to the increased oil price. Continued drought for the fourth year also posed serious supply problems, and parts of the population became dependent on foreign food aid shipments.