Central African Republic. In July, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a US $ 8.2 million loan intended to support restructuring of state finances and facilitate foreign investment. According to CountryAAH, the total population in Central African Republic is 4,829,778 people in 2020. The IMF loan was seen as a recognition that the military-led regime had made some efforts to deal with the corruption in the state administration and the illegal extraction of diamonds and timber.
However, the situation in the Central African Republic was described as precarious after years of internal conflicts, and 95% of residents were referred to try to survive on less than the equivalent of SEK 10. per day. The countryside is ravaged by armed groups and health care has collapsed. In March, Sweden – with a grant of $ 700,000 – was said to be the only country to obey a UN appeal of $ 16.8 million in emergency aid.
In a December referendum, a large majority said yes to a new constitution that would pave the way for presidential and parliamentary elections in early 2005. Then the transition regime that has ruled since the March 2003 military coup will end.
On January 6, 2015, Ugandan soldiers and U.S. military advisers captured Dominic Ongwen inside the Central African Republic. He was chief of the Ugandan Lords Resistant Army (LRA) and had an ICC arrest warrant since 2005. The ICC wants to put Ongwen on trial for war crimes.
In April, the United Nations suspended senior UN official Anders Kompass after it published detailed reports of French UN soldiers’ sexual assaults on children in the Central African Republic. Compass had then tried for over a year to get the UN to intervene, after an internal report in 2014 revealed extensive and systematic sexual assaults against children committed by French troops. The UN explained its suspension of Compass with the publication of secretly stamped UN documents. The suspension and publication of the French assaults sparked international scandal. It was only after 9 months of internal investigations that Kompass was acquitted by the UN of all charges. No immediate action was taken to investigate and prosecute the guilty French soldiers. (UN aid worker suspended for leaking report on child abuse by French troops, Guardian 29/4 2015, UN whistleblower who exposed sexual abuse by peacekeepers is exonerated, Guardian 18/1 2016)
In May 15, the transitional government conducted a national reconciliation conference: Bangui National Forum. The conference adopted a Covenant for Peace, National Reconciliation and Reconstruction and 9 of the 10 armed groups also signed a Disarmament, Demobilization, Rehabilitation and Repatriation (DDRR) agreement. But tensions in the country continued to be latent. In September, at least 42 were killed and 400 wounded in Bangui after Muslims attacked a predominantly Christian district. Acc. the government because a Muslim man had been killed and thrown on the streets. Under the chaotic conditions, 500 prisoners managed to escape from the Nagaragba central prison – including members of both Christian and Muslim militias.