Brazil. In the mayoral election in October, the Labor Party PT (Partido dos Trabalhadores) went strong, winning in 400 municipalities across the country, which was twice as many as in the previous mayoral elections in 2000. Among other things, the party won in important state capitals such as Belo Horizonte and Recife, Brazil’s third and fourth largest cities. In contrast, the party’s candidates suffered heavy losses in São Paulo, where Marta Suplicy lost power to José Serra PSDB (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) – President Lula da Silva’s opponent in the 2002 presidential election – and in the state of Rio Grande do Sul’s capital Porto Alegre, where the party ruled since 1988.
According to CountryAAH, the total population in Brazil is 212,559,428 people in 2020. Accusations against Governor General Henrique Meirelles and the bank’s monetary policy manager Luiz Augusto Candiota for, among other things, tax fraud led to Candiota’s departure July 28. However, the government defended Meirelles and in turn accused the opposition of throwing dirt ahead of the municipal elections in October.
Another disclosure that diluted the dissatisfaction with PT concerned the use of money by illegal party candidates by some party candidates.
However, President Lula da Silva is still popular; close to 60% of the electorate considered him to do a good job two years after the election.
In October, the controversial bill came into force that gives the Air Force the right, under certain conditions, to shoot down aircraft that illegally fly over Brazilian territory. The law was passed as early as 1986 but has not been applied because of opposition from the United States, after Peru’s air force shot down a plane with an American missionary and her children aboard in 2001.
More than 2,000 illegal flights were registered in 2003. Most are cocaine smuggling from Colombia and weapons to the FARC guerrillas there. As the government of Colombia increased the pressure on FARC, guerrilla activities in Brazil’s territory have also increased. In July, for example, ammunition and detonators were found in Manaus for delivery to Colombia.
An article in the New York Times May 9 by journalist Larry Rohter about President Lula da Silva’s alcohol habits created a minor diplomatic crisis with the United States. However, the President’s order to the Minister of Justice to revoke Rohter’s visa produced negative reactions, not only in Washington but also in the Brazilian media.
On March 27, the landless organization MST (Movimento dos Sem-Terra) announced a new wave of land occupations. Under threat of escalated violence, President da Silva responded by doubling state appropriations for land distribution to more than $ 1 billion during the year. The number of land occupations was more than the year before, as was the deadly violence in land conflicts. Indians also stepped up their actions to create promised border lines.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||3,248,000,000,000 USD|
|GDP growth rate||1.00%|
|GDP per capita||$ 15,600|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||21.4%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||-3.00%|
|Investment volume||16.7% of GDP|
|National debt||84.00% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 377,100,000,000|
Brazil – Brasilia
Brasília, capital of Brazil; 3 million residents (2016). Brasilia is located on a high plateau near the source streams of the great rivers Paraná, Tocantins and São Francisco, in the Federal District of Distrito Federal. This is located in the southeastern part of the state of Goiás, but is administratively a separate area.
Brazil, which is primarily an administrative city without major industries, is the largest and most important example of the urban designs of international modernism. The plan is the result of a national architectural competition in 1956, won by Lúcio Costa. The city is built along two angular main axles. Along the east-west, slightly curved axis, residential areas in neighborhood units are grouped according to the band city principle. The government and administrative buildings of the country and the city are gathered around the north-south axis. The most important of these buildings, such as the congress building, the university and the cathedral, are all designed by Oscar Niemeyer, and surrounding parks and gardens are designed by Roberto Burle Marx. Brazil was listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1987.
The new city was planned for 500,000 residents and would be a clean capital. Industry, commerce and transport primarily serve the city’s own population. Brazil is the seat of the Brazilian government and the center of the country’s administration. Despite the city’s solitary location inland, there are both aviation and road links with all of Brazil’s most important cities.
Sealing is a major problem. Half a dozen suburbs, 25-40 km outside Brazil, hold 1. 3 million residents.
Brazil began to be built in 1956, and in 1960 the transfer of the capital functions from Rio de Janeiro began. The official inauguration took place on April 21, 1960. The move had been discussed already during the colonial era and was entered into the constitution in 1891.