Bahrain. In April, Nada Haffadh, the doctor and the House of Representatives, was appointed Minister of Health and thus became the country’s first female minister. Haffadh was also an advisor to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF). According to abbreviationfinder, BA stands for Bahrain in text.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 71,170,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||3.80%|
|GDP per capita||$ 49,000|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||–|
|Distribution of household income|
|Top 10%||k. A.|
|Lower 10%||k. A.|
|Industrial production growth rate||1.60%|
|Investment volume||33.6% of GDP|
|National debt||88.50% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 2,166,000,000|
|Number of visitors||10,452,000|
Police in the capital Manama met May 21 with Shiite protesters protesting US treatment of prisoners in Iraq. Thirteen people were reported injured when police fired demonstrators with rubber bullets and tear gas. After the demonstration, the king said he sympathized with the protesters. The king blamed his interior minister for the rattles and dismissed him.
According to CountryAAH, the total population in Bahrain is 1,701,586 people in 2020. The Bahrain Human Rights Center was closed in September on orders from the authorities. Its leader, Abd al-Hadi al-Khawaja, was arrested on September 24 following a speech in which he blamed the country’s Sunni Muslim leadership for the financial problems that had particularly affected the Shi’ites. He was sentenced in November to one year in prison but was released after an intervention by the king.
Bahrain is a group of islands located on the western coast of the Persian Gulf. The main island is Bahrain, on which lies a rocky hill, the Jebel Dukhan, 120 meters high; the rest of the archipelago is low and is made up of coral reefs and similar formations. The total area of the group is 552 sq km, but only four or five islands are inhabited. The climate is rather humid and warm, the soil is fertile. The islands are ruled by a sultan, assisted by a political agent of the Indian government. The population is made up of Arabs, who are believed to have come from the Neǵd in relatively recent times, similar in type to the residents of Omān, and of Persian elements; there are also several Negroes and Hindus, the latter mainly traders. The Persians and the elements dedicated to agriculture are mostly Shia Muslims, while the dominant Arabs are Sunnis. Manāmah, the capital, has 35,000 residents, el-Muḥarraq 20,000; the total population of all the islands is around 120,000 residents Pearl fishing is the main industry, but the cultivation of dates and rice is also important; sailcloth is also woven there. The white horses of the Baḥrein are well known.
The islands, whose name means “the two seas” in Arabic, have been inhabited since ancient times: there are numerous squared stone tombs, on two floors, with a corridor entrance. Known since the classical age, these tombs have been related to the Phoenicians, who a tradition, already known to Herodotus, makes emigrate to Syria from the Persian Gulf. But, in reality, every sure element is missing to attribute the Bahrain tombs to the Phoenicians or to any other known civilization. It is certain that the islands were known by the Assyrians and, later, are included in the descriptions of Arabia by Pliny and Strabo. Their history is closely connected with that of the opposite coast, to which their name has sometimes been carried; together with it, they were among the regions of Arabia where the penetration of Islām met with greater resistance, and in the century. X were asylum of the Carmatic heretics (v.). From 1507 to 1622 they were occupied by the Portuguese. who made it a stopover for India; then they belonged in name to Turkey, but were actually independent, except in the period 1735-1784, when the Persians occupied them. The English declared their protectorate there in 1861.