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Zimbabwe

Yearbook 2004

2004 ZimbabweZimbabwe. The inflation rate slowed during the year from over 600% to below 200%, but for ordinary people it was as difficult as before to keep up. Some price reductions on basic goods were hardly noticeable; on the contrary, the price of bread was increased by 50% due to lack of flour. About 140,000 civil servants received a 300% salary premium, but had demanded 600% and still had difficulty with their livelihood.

In March, Zimbabwe started paying off its debt of about US $ 295 million to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in order not to lose its loan right, but was told that the country was still risking closure.

According to CountryAAH, the harvest of tobacco decreased for the fourth year in a row, mainly as a result of the dramatic upheavals in the countryside. GDP was estimated to decline by about 5% during the year after a decline of almost one-third since the late 1990s.

2004 Zimbabwe

In February, shortly before his 80th birthday, President Robert Mugabe formed a new ministry to fight corruption. At the same time, he appointed Chris Kuruneri as Finance Minister. This was arrested in April for illegal currency transactions. for spending millions to build a luxury villa in South Africa. Skeptics saw the fight against corruption primarily as an attempt by Mugabe to win sympathies for upcoming elections and to outmaneuver competitors within the ZANU-PF government party. During the party's congress in December, there were significant contradictions between different factions in the fight over who will eventually be able to succeed Mugabe. The election of new second vice president fell on 49-year-old Joyce Mujuru, the first woman on that post.

The independent newspaper Daily News, which was closed by police in 2003, was allowed to come out again in January but was allowed to suspend the publication again after a short time, when the Supreme Court found that the government has the right to ban unregistered journalists from working.

Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai was acquitted in October of charges of plotting to assassinate President Mugabe. However, he was immediately put on trial again for trying to stir up an illegal takeover of power. The government said it would appeal against the free judgment.

Seventy foreign mercenaries were arrested in March at Harare airport, suspected of planning a coup in Equatorial Guinea. The group's leader, a British former elite soldier, was sentenced to seven years in prison, the others to between 12 and 16 months.

A delegation from the South African national organization COSATU was expelled from Zimbabwe in October, when it came to review conditions in the country.

In December, the government banned foreign human rights organizations from working in Zimbabwe. Domestic groups working on issues relating to "the country's government" were banned from receiving foreign financial aid.

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